The press conference of Jiangxi Provincial People’s Government on "Perfecting the Arbitration System and Improving the Arbitration Credibility" was held in Nanchang.

Press conference site (photo by Huang Yuting)

On October 15th, the Information Office of Jiangxi Provincial Government and the Provincial Department of Justice jointly held a press conference on "Improving the Arbitration System and Improving the Arbitration Credibility". Gong Hexing, deputy director of the Provincial Department of Justice, introduced the implementation opinions on improving the arbitration system and improving the credibility of arbitration in our province. Yang Guoan, full-time member of the Judicial Committee of the Provincial Higher People’s Court, Zhou Huaai, vice chairman of the Provincial Federation of Industry and Commerce, Wan Xiu Qi, deputy mayor of Nanchang Municipal People’s Government, and Zhang Zhonglan, director of the Notarization and Arbitration Division of the Provincial Department of Justice, attended the press conference and answered questions from reporters. Li Feng, deputy director of the Foreign Information Office of the Provincial Government Information Office, presided over the press conference. 

Li Feng, Deputy Director of the Foreign Information Office of the Provincial Government Information Office (photo by Huang Yuting)

Li Feng:

Dear journalists and friends,

Good afternoon, everyone. Welcome to the press conference of the Provincial Government Information Office.

Arbitration is an internationally accepted way to solve disputes, and arbitration law is an important law to solve civil and commercial disputes in China. In order to implement the requirements of the Central Committee for arbitration and better promote the healthy development of arbitration in our province, on September 23rd, the General Office of the Provincial Party Committee and the General Office of the Provincial Government issued the Implementation Opinions on Improving the Arbitration System and Improving the Arbitration Credibility (hereinafter referred to as the Implementation Opinions).

This morning, we are very pleased to invite Mr. Gong Hexing, member of the party group and deputy director of the Provincial Department of Justice, Mr. Yang Guoan, full-time member of the Judicial Committee of the Provincial Higher People’s Court, Ms. Zhou Hua Ai, vice chairman of the Provincial Federation of Industry and Commerce, Mr. Wan Xiu Qi, deputy mayor of Nanchang Municipal People’s Government, and Ms. Zhang Zhonglan, director of the Notarization and Arbitration Division of the Provincial Department of Justice, and ask them to introduce the implementation opinions and answer questions from reporters.

Next, please introduce the relevant information to Deputy Director Gong Hexing.

Gong Hexing, Deputy Director of the Provincial Department of Justice (photo by Huang Yuting)

Gong Hexing:

Dear journalists and friends,

Good afternoon everyone!

On August 30, 2019, the Sixth Meeting of the Comprehensive Deepening Reform Committee of the Provincial Party Committee reviewed and passed the "Implementation Opinions of Jiangxi Province on Improving the Arbitration System and Improving the Arbitration Credibility". On September 23, the General Office of the Provincial Party Committee and the General Office of the Provincial Government issued the "Implementation Opinions on Improving the Arbitration System and Improving the Arbitration Credibility" (Gan Ban Zi [2019] No.31, hereinafter referred to as the "Implementation Opinions"), requiring all localities and departments to conscientiously implement it in light of the actual situation. Today, mainly through the influential platform of the provincial government press conference, we briefly introduce the implementation of the central document and the implementation opinions issued by our province to friends in the press.

I. Relevant background and main features of the Implementation Opinions.

Arbitration is an internationally accepted way to solve disputes, and Arbitration Law is an important law to solve civil and commercial disputes in China, which has the institutional advantages of respecting the parties’ autonomy, convenience and efficiency. Arbitration, together with mediation, administrative adjudication, administrative reconsideration and litigation, has become an important part of diversified dispute resolution mechanism. Over the past 25 years since the promulgation of the Arbitration Law, arbitration institutions have closely focused on the work of the party and the state center, consciously served the overall situation of economic and social development, and properly resolved a large number of disputes. By the end of 2018, a total of 255 arbitration committees had been established nationwide, handling more than 2.6 million cases of various types, with a target amount of more than 4 trillion yuan, involving more than 70 countries and regions. The 12 arbitration institutions in our province have accepted more than 14,200 cases of various types, with a bid of 36 billion yuan, which has made important contributions to the economic and social development of our province. However, there are also some problems, such as political affairs are not divided, the management system is not smooth, the internal governance structure is not perfect, the competitiveness is not strong, the supervision and restriction mechanism is not perfect, and the support guarantee is not in place, which affects the credibility of arbitration and restricts the healthy development of arbitration.

The CPC Central Committee and the State Council attached great importance to arbitration. The Fourth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee put forward the reform task of "improving the arbitration system and enhancing the credibility of arbitration", and the 19th CPC National Congress put forward to strengthen the construction of mechanisms to prevent and resolve social contradictions, which opened a new journey for the development of arbitration in Socialism with Chinese characteristics. In December last year, the General Offices of the General Office of the Central Committee of the CPC and the State Council issued Several Opinions on Improving the Arbitration System and Improving the Arbitration Credibility (No.76 [2018] of the Central Office, hereinafter referred to as "Several Opinions"), which pointed out the direction for the reform and development of arbitration in the new era and provided fundamental follow-up. In March this year, the National Arbitration Work Conference was held in Shanghai, and the proposal of "China Arbitration 2022" was put forward, which called for improving the arbitration system and enhancing the credibility of arbitration, implementing the arbitration law as the main line, perfecting the arbitration system and mechanism, constantly enriching the arbitration service mode, strengthening the construction of arbitration institutions and talent teams, and comprehensively improving the quality of arbitration.

The main features of our province’s "Implementation Opinions":

The first is to mark the center of the table. Focusing on the requirements of "improving the arbitration system and improving the credibility of arbitration" put forward by the central government, the tasks are decomposed and the measures are refined from the perspectives of implementing the arbitration legal system, improving the work management system, optimizing the governance structure and standardizing the development order of the industry. The second is to emphasize implementation. According to the system design, reform ideas and work requirements put forward in Several Opinions, combined with the actual situation in our province, specific projects are extracted, and the responsible units are determined to implement each item in the Implementation Opinions. The third is to pay attention to work innovation. In view of the fact that the arbitration work in our province has little influence and radiation ability, we should increase overall support and talent support, encourage the arbitration commission to reform and innovate in the system and mechanism, and demand that it be linked with the central and provincial classification to promote the reform of public institutions, which is in line with the spirit of the central government and the development trend of arbitration.

Second, the main contents of the "Implementation Opinions"

The Implementation Opinions consists of six parts, which are divided into 21 tasks and expressed in the logical order of "improving the arbitration system and improving the credibility of arbitration". First of all, improve and implement the arbitration system from two aspects: strictly implementing the arbitration legal system and rationalizing the arbitration management system; Then, we should pay close attention to optimizing the internal governance structure of arbitration institutions, strengthening the construction of arbitration professionals and cleaning up and rectifying the development order of arbitration to promote the credibility of arbitration. In addition, in view of the current situation that the development level of arbitration in our province is not high enough, the influence is small, and the regional radiation is not strong, a special train is set up to require relevant units to increase their support for arbitration work in various directions.

(1) Strictly implement the arbitration legal system. This is the basic point of the system, which strictly guarantees the implementation of the arbitration legal system in our province and strictly regulates the establishment and change of the arbitration commission. Strictly manage the branches of the Arbitration Commission and standardize its establishment procedures. If it is required that the Arbitration Commission and its offices be used as internal organs or subordinate units of administrative organs, the decoupling of people and property shall be completed before the end of this year, and the independent work of the Arbitration Commission shall be guaranteed without interference according to law.

(2) Improve the management system of arbitration. This is the fulcrum of work, and it is clear that we should pay close attention to the establishment of Jiangxi Arbitration Association and strengthen the self-discipline management of the industry. Standardize and strengthen the registration management of arbitration institutions, constantly improve the supervision and management system of arbitration work, and straighten out the responsibilities and authorities of the municipal government, the Municipal Bureau of Justice and the Provincial Department of Justice at all levels. In accordance with the principle of "who sets up, who is responsible and who supervises", the established municipal government performs the main responsibility of supervision, the municipal judicial bureau is entrusted by the municipal government to contact the arbitration work, and the provincial judicial department undertakes the arbitration work assigned by the provincial government, guiding and supervising the relevant localities and departments to do a good job in the implementation of the arbitration law and relevant policies of the central government.

(3) Optimizing the internal governance structure of the Arbitration Commission. This is a difficult point in the reform. We should strengthen the self-construction of the Arbitration Commission and strengthen its status as an independent legal person. Strict composition of the Committee, giving the Committee the right to decide on major issues. Study and implement the organic combination of the independent award of the arbitral tribunal and the management of the committee, improve various internal control systems, strictly implement the challenge system, and implement the systems of reviewing and reading arbitral awards, expert consultation on arbitration cases, and information disclosure of arbitrators to ensure the quality of arbitral awards. We will promote the pilot reform of arbitration institutions in an orderly manner and stimulate the endogenous motivation of offices. According to the requirements of promoting the reform of public institutions by classification, properly resettle the staff in the office, and rationally divert the staff to solve the problem. This work has been strongly supported by relevant departments such as the Provincial People’s Social Welfare Department.

(4) Strengthening the construction of arbitration professionals. This is the highlight of opinions. We should improve the selection and management of arbitrators, promote the professionalization of arbitration secretaries, continuously increase the training of arbitration professionals, build a team of arbitration professionals, improve their professional level, and provide professional support for improving their credibility. The reason why the construction of arbitration team is highlighted is that the development of arbitration depends on the support of talents, which has been approved by the Ministry of Justice.

(5) Increase support for arbitration. This is the focus of career development, strengthen the leadership of the party, and realize the full coverage of the arbitration industry by the party organization by 2020. Fully perform government duties, incorporate the development of arbitration into the local economic and social development and the evaluation system of the government ruled by law, promote arbitration to actively participate in grassroots social governance, ensure that arbitration will be stationed in the three platforms of public legal service entities, hotlines and networks before the end of this year, and ensure that the arbitration commission enjoys independent autonomy in people and property according to law. Improve the linkage mechanism of judicial supervision and increase judicial support for arbitration.

(six) to strengthen supervision and standardize the development order of the industry. Carry out special actions to clean up and rectify the development order of the arbitration industry, strengthen the supervision of employees, give play to the role of social supervision, standardize the development order of the industry, and enhance the social credibility of arbitration.

Dear journalists and friends, Jiangxi Arbitration will firmly grasp the historical opportunity, always adhere to the correct political direction and scientific professional service direction, take safeguarding fairness and justice as the foundation, improve credibility as the starting point, focus on resolving contradictions and disputes, provide high-quality and efficient arbitration services, and help the province’s economy and society develop by leaps and bounds. I sincerely hope that friends in the press will pay more attention to, care for and support the cause of arbitration in our province and help the healthy and orderly development of arbitration in our province.

I’ll stop here. Thank you!

Li Feng:Thank you, Deputy Director Gong Hexing, for your introduction! Let’s enter the question session. Please raise your hand and inform your news organization. Thank you!

Nanchang Radio reporter (photo by Huang Yuting)

Nanchang Radio reporter:We have noticed that the documents of the two offices have clearly defined a principle, that is, "who sets up, who is responsible and who supervises", and the arbitration commission of our province is set up by the municipal government with districts. Article 14 of the Arbitration Law clearly stipulates that "the Arbitration Commission is independent of the administrative organ and has no subordinate relationship with the administrative organ". I would like to ask Vice Mayor Wan Xiu Qi, who is responsible but not responsible. This seems to be a contradiction. Then, how can the government strengthen its support and guidance for the development of arbitration?

Wan Xiu Qi, Vice Mayor of Nanchang Municipal People’s Government (Photo by Huang Yuting)

Wan Xiu odd:Thank you for your question. You are very careful.

This time, the biggest feature of the provincial party Committee document is also the biggest highlight of the reform and development of arbitration in our province, which is to clarify the management system and mechanism of arbitration work. The "Perfecting the Supervision and Management System of Arbitration" in the second point and the fifth point of the document clearly stipulates that the established municipal government shall perform the main responsibility of supervising the arbitration commission; The Municipal Bureau of Justice is entrusted by the municipal government to contact the arbitration work; The Provincial Department of Justice guides and supervises the relevant localities and departments to implement the arbitration law and relevant policies of the central government, and undertakes the relevant arbitration work assigned by the provincial government. Thus, from the external management system level, the responsibilities and authorities of the municipal government, the municipal judicial bureau and the provincial judicial department are straightened out. It has broken the ambiguous management of arbitration institutions in our province for many years.

The arbitration law proposed by a reporter friend stipulates that the arbitration commission is independent of the administrative organ and has no subordinate relationship with the administrative organ, which means that arbitration should be carried out independently according to law without interference from the administrative organ. However, it does not mean that the arbitration institutions established by the government do not need any supervision and control, but should strengthen management and help support from the organization and outside.

In reality, some government functional departments in our province regard the arbitration commission as an internal organization or subordinate unit for a long time because of the origin of the establishment of the arbitration commission, which does not meet the requirements of the arbitration law and the central documents. In this regard, our province’s documents clearly require that any arbitration commission and its offices as internal organs or subordinate units of government departments should complete the decoupling of people and property before the end of this year. As a provincial capital city, Nanchang will take the lead in implementing the spirit of the documents of the Central Committee and the Provincial Party Committee, support and guarantee the autonomy of the Arbitration Commission in personnel, finance, salary system, etc., and give full play to the role of the Arbitration Commission in the diversified dispute resolution mechanism. In addition, the provincial party Committee documents also comprehensively sort out the responsibilities and support obligations that the government should bear in promoting the development of arbitration.

Jiangxi Internet reporter (photo by Huang Yuting)

Jiangxi Internet reporter:Arbitration, as a main legal system to solve civil and commercial disputes besides litigation in people’s courts, has become an important part of diversified dispute resolution mechanism. At the same time, judicial review of arbitration is an important content of arbitration laws in various countries and an important part of the design of arbitration top-level system. Excuse me, Yang Special Committee, how will the courts in our province strengthen the supervision and support of arbitration?

Yang Guoan, a full-time member of the Judicial Committee of the Provincial Higher People’s Court (photo by Huang Yuting)

Yang Guoan:Judicial review of arbitration in China includes support and supervision. In recent years, in accordance with the overall arrangement of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee "improving the arbitration system and enhancing the credibility of arbitration" and a number of judicial interpretations and normative documents issued by the Supreme People’s Court, courts in our province have properly handled arbitration judicial review cases and executed arbitration award cases in accordance with the law, made efforts to create an arbitration-friendly judicial supervision environment, increased support for arbitration, standardized the people’s courts’ exercise of arbitration judicial review power, and guaranteed and promoted the improvement of arbitration credibility. The main measures are as follows: First, the courts in the province earnestly implement the relevant judicial interpretation requirements, pay equal attention to support and supervision, encourage and standardize peers, support the arbitral awards made according to law, and provide strong judicial guarantee for improving the quality of arbitration. The second is to standardize the judicial review of arbitration and unify the judicial review standards of court arbitration in the province. Therefore, on the basis of investigation, our institute has formulated and promulgated the Guidelines for the Trial of Arbitration Judicial Review Cases of Jiangxi Higher People’s Court, which requires the courts in the whole province to conscientiously implement it, further tighten the arbitration judicial review procedures, and ensure the quality of arbitration judicial review cases. The third is to actively build an exchange platform and improve the docking mechanism of litigation and adjudication. At present, we are coordinating with the Provincial Department of Justice to jointly issue relevant guiding opinions on establishing the linkage mechanism between litigation and arbitration in our province in a timely manner. I believe that the promulgation of opinions will continuously improve the judicial review mechanism of arbitration in our province and further promote the development of arbitration in Jiangxi.

China Jiangxi Network reporter (photo by Huang Yuting)

China Jiangxi Network reporter:As we know, the arbitration system originated in Europe, and the earliest arbitration institution was the product of the activities of the chamber of commerce in the 19th century. After the introduction of arbitration system in China, the biggest contradiction and dispute solved is also in the commercial field. Practice has also proved that the arbitration system has played a very important role in the development of China’s commerce. Excuse me, Vice Chairman Zhou Huaai, how will the business circles in our province play the role of arbitration in commercial disputes?

Zhou Huaai, Vice Chairman of the Provincial Federation of Industry and Commerce (photo by Huang Yuting)

Zhou Huaai:Thank you for your question. You have a comprehensive understanding of the context of the civil and commercial arbitration system. Indeed, as early as ancient Greece in Europe, the arbitrator system has been used by Mediterranean coastal city-states and ports to solve commercial and maritime disputes, and even disputes between city-states It is basically after entering the stage of free market economy that the state recognizes and regulates arbitration in legal form. China has introduced the civil and commercial arbitration system since the 1990s. Before that, it was basically an administrative ruling with a strong administrative color. On August 31, 1994, the Ninth Session of the Eighth the NPC Standing Committee deliberated and passed the People’s Republic of China (PRC) Arbitration Law, which came into effect on September 1, 1995. This marked the formal establishment and operation of China’s modern civil and commercial arbitration system, and legally entrusted the Chamber of Commerce with the responsibility of participating in the establishment of arbitration institutions. For more than 20 years, arbitration has played an important role in solving commercial disputes, creating a good business environment, helping Chinese enterprises to go global and participate in international competition. The promulgation of the provincial party Committee document is an important and favorable thing for the business community in our province, and the business community will conscientiously implement the spirit of the document. First, actively participate in the formation of the arbitration commission, increase the proportion of business people in the members of the arbitration commission, and actively contribute to the construction of institutions and organizations. This is the right and obligation given to the Chamber of Commerce by the Arbitration Law. The second is to participate in the preparation and establishment of the Arbitration Association of our province. Encourage organizations and individuals of the Chamber of Commerce to actively apply to join the association and become members, so as to contribute to the construction of self-discipline mechanism in the arbitration industry.Third, strive to train more business people as arbitrators, and constantly improve and expand the intellectual structure of arbitrators.

Phoenix Net reporter (photo by Huang Yuting)

Phoenix Network reporter:We have noticed that there is a voice that there is profit-seeking and disorderly competition in arbitration institutions, and there are cases of expanding business, setting up branches at will and vying for the source of the case. May I ask Deputy Director Gong Hexing whether this document has any countermeasures against this disorderly competition, and how to do it specifically?

Gong Hexing:Thank you for your questions. With the development of arbitration for decades, it is true that branches are set up at will to expand their business. In view of this situation, the documents of the two offices have made specific and comprehensive arrangements. First, in the first paragraph, it is clear that the establishment of branches is strict, and the filing and reporting of the establishment of institutions are standardized according to law. The Arbitration Commission may, according to the needs of its work, decide to set up branches or agencies within its jurisdiction and report to the Provincial Department of Justice. If it is really necessary to set up outside the jurisdiction due to special circumstances, it must be approved by the municipal government where the Arbitration Commission is located and where it is established, and reported to the Provincial Department of Justice. The second is to deploy and carry out a special campaign to clean up and rectify the development order of arbitration. Regarding the specific requirements of the "seven prohibitions" put forward in the central document, it is clear that the established municipal government will bear the main responsibility for cleaning up and rectifying, and the Provincial Department of Justice will organize inspection and acceptance of the clean-up and rectification work in various places one by one, and the institutions that fail to pass the acceptance or violate the arbitration law and the provisions of Several Opinions in the future will be corrected according to the law. The third is to further play the role of social supervision. The Arbitration Commission is required to take the initiative to accept media and social supervision, and disclose the articles of association, arbitration rules, service processes, charging standards, annual work reports and financial budget and final accounts reports in a timely manner. In the next step, we will strengthen the construction of the credit system in the arbitration industry and establish a joint disciplinary system for arbitration institutions with malicious competition.

New Legal News reporter (photo by Huang Yuting)

New Legal News reporter:On December 31st last year, the Central Office and the State Council issued Several Opinions on Improving the Arbitration System and Improving the Arbitration Credibility. May I ask Director Zhang Zhonglan what are the key measures proposed by the central government to "reform and improve the internal governance structure of the Arbitration Commission" in the Implementation Opinions issued by our province?

Zhang Zhonglan, Director of the Notarization and Arbitration Division of the Provincial Department of Justice (photo by Huang Yuting)

Zhang Zhongyu:According to the different situations and existing problems of 12 arbitration institutions in our province, the Implementation Opinions put forward corresponding countermeasures from three aspects:

First, strengthen the self-construction of the Arbitration Commission. Improve the internal management system with the articles of association as the core, and strengthen the legal person status of the arbitration commission. Members of the Committee shall be selected and re-elected in strict accordance with the law, and the arbitration development plan, annual work report and financial budget and final accounts report shall be examined and approved in accordance with the articles of association, and candidates for directors, deputy directors, members and heads of executing agencies shall be elected, and major issues such as salary management and performance appraisal scheme shall be determined. Improve the rules of procedure of the Arbitration Commission, and strengthen the duties of the members of the Commission.

The second is to promote the pilot reform of the Arbitration Commission. Actively and steadily promote the reform of the internal management system of the Arbitration Commission, give the Arbitration Commission autonomy in personnel, finance and salary system, and gradually take the road of specialization and professionalization of the staff of the office. Encourage the committees with the nature of public institutions to reform the management system and operation mechanism first, and be consistent with the requirements of the central and provincial classification to promote the reform of public institutions. If the arbitration fee is converted into business service fee, it shall be implemented according to the general rules of enterprise finance and subject to supervision by the departments of finance, auditing, taxation and price. It is clear that the Arbitration Commission should set up an arbitration career development fund. Properly arrange the staff in the office. If the original staff members do not want to stay in the Arbitration Commission, they may, according to their personal status and the nature of preparation, be arranged by the municipal government to return to the corresponding units at the same level according to relevant regulations before the restructuring.

The third is to improve the internal supervision system of the Arbitration Commission. Study and implement the organic combination of the independent award of the arbitration tribunal and the management of the arbitration commission, and improve various internal control systems. Establish a supervision and restriction mechanism for members to serve as arbitrators, and strictly implement the withdrawal system. Establish an arbitration commission’s review system for arbitral awards, an expert consultation system for major and difficult cases, and implement an arbitrator’s information disclosure system to ensure the quality of arbitral awards.

Li Feng:Because of the time, today’s question-and-answer session ends here. Thank you, leaders, journalists and friends. Welcome to continue to pay attention to the construction of arbitration system. The Provincial Department of Justice has compiled news materials, and journalists and friends are welcome to download and view them. If you have any questions, you can consult, communicate or interview after the meeting.

Today’s press conference is over, thank you.

Source: Jiangxi Provincial People’s Government Network

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Time:June 18th (Friday) 16:00-18:00

Location:Wechat group of ancient Chinese and Western Asia series lectures

Speaker:Claude Rapin (archaeologist)

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Time:14:00 on June 19th (Saturday)

Location:Tencent conference

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"Another Scholar —— North China Society and Imperial Examination System in Jin and Yuan Dynasties" mainly investigates the overall atmosphere and environment of Han intellectuals under the rule of northern minorities in Jin and Yuan Dynasties. The author Iiyama knows Bao, mainly engaged in the study of social history of northern China from the 10th to the 17th century. On Saturday afternoon, Iiyama will talk with several guests online about this new book.

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Time:19:30 on Sunday, June 20th.

Location:Sina Weibo, Aauto Quicker, Tik Tok

Guest:Hu Xiaojiang (illustrator) and Chen Zhiwei (writer and editor)

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Time:19:00 on Monday, June 21st.

Location:Tencent conference

Speaker:Bai Yudong (Professor, Institute of Dunhuang Studies, Lanzhou University)

Taking the grottoes and temples in Dunhuang, Turpan, Beiting and Hohhot as the core, a number of multilingual inscriptions from the Five Dynasties, Song and Yuan Dynasties remain in the northwest. Inscriptions reflect the political power structure that supported grottoes and temples in history, as well as the belief of Buddhists, etc. They are precious historical materials. Among them, Uighur inscriptions are second only to Chinese in number, and the characters used include Runi, Uighur, Syrian, Brahmi and so on. Some of these inscriptions support the title of the Uighur ruling class of Buddhism, some reflect the writer’s belief background of Manichaeism, Nestorianism and Buddhism, and some are prayers. The interpretation and study of these inscriptions will help to describe the tour route of Uighur Buddhists and the history of Wutai Mountain belief, explore the real origin of "Shazhou Uighur" in the middle and late 11th century, show the real scene of the integration of Manichaeism, Nestorianism and Buddhism along the Silk Road, and dig out the truth of the spread and blending of Chinese and Tibetan Buddhism in the northwest. The historical linguistic value of these inscriptions needs to be further explored.

How do people think about getting old-the art of getting old gracefully

Time:June 22nd (Tuesday) 19:30-21:00.

Location:Tencent conference (ID: 310837637)

Guest:Jin Huiming (translator) and Chen Jiayu (book editor)

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Attachment: Preview of offline activities

Beijing | Photography and the Forbidden City

Time:15:00 on Friday, June 18th.

Location:Room 208, Peking University Jingyuan Second Hospital, No.5 Summer Palace Road, Haidian District

Speaker:Xu Jianing (Historical Imager)

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Time:June 19th (Saturday) 14:00-16:00

Location:PageOne Bookstore 2F, No.28 Chengfu Road, Haidian District

Guest:Liu Suli (founder of Wansheng Bookstore), Liang Wendao (writer and media person) and Yan Fei (associate professor, deputy dean and doctoral supervisor of Tsinghua University Sociology Department).

Economic stagflation and oil crisis, cocaine plague and AIDS spread, Internet bubble and Iraq war, manufacturing decline and subprime mortgage crisis, occupation of Wall Street and the rise of the Republican Party-in the past three decades, the United States, as the world hegemon, has faced many challenges, and "whether the United States is declining" has become a topic that will never decline. The sinking elegy of this generation and the social changes in the past 30 years have all been written into the nonfiction masterpiece The Age of Sinking by George Parker, winner of the American National Book Award. If the world is sinking, how should ordinary individuals move forward? This Saturday, we will invite three guests from different fields, Liu Suli, Liang Wendao and Yan Fei, to analyze the changes in the inner layer of American society and re-recognize a real America outside Hollywood by interpreting The Sinking Age.

Beijing | Unparalleled Dance —— The release and sharing session of the new book "Fire Rejects Heaven: Gilbert’s Poems"

Time:June 19th (Saturday) 14:30-16:30

Location:5F One-way Space of Chaoyang Joy City, No.101 Chaoyang North Road, Chaoyang District

Guest:Duo Duo (Poet) and Leng Shuang (Associate Professor, School of Arts, Minzu University of China)

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Beijing | Creative Workers’ Chat —— Talking about creative things with creative veteran cadres

Time:June 19th (Saturday) 14:30-16:30

Location:Building Investment Bookstore, Floor 2, East Tower, Century Fortune Center, Building 1, Yard 5, Guanghua Road, Chaoyang District

Guest:Dongdongqiang (creative worker), Hu Yongqiang (creative senior director of Huge Engine Marketing) and Shi Benying (creative director of Ogilvy Advertising Group).

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Beijing | Prehistoric Modernization —— Back to China 10,000 years ago

Time:June 19th (Saturday) 14:30-16:30

Location:Lecture Hall, Floor 2, Building A, Capital Library, No.88 East Third Ring South Road, Chaoyang District

Speaker: Chen Shengqian (Professor, Department of Archaeology and Culture, School of History, Renmin University of China)

If we had the chance to travel to China 10,000 years ago, what would we see? It was another major social change comparable to our current modernization process: human beings have adapted from hunting and gathering life for millions of years to agricultural production. China and West Asia are the two earliest centers of agricultural origin in the world. The agricultural origin of prehistoric China profoundly influenced the development of China culture. Back in China 10,000 years ago, we will also see other diverse cultural adaptation choices, which were the harbingers of the later pluralistic and integrated Chinese civilization. Understanding the process of prehistoric modernization is a key for us to understand the formation of China’s cultural tradition.

Beijing | New Book Launch Conference of "The Past is Clear, the Qindi Tall Building-Cha Fuxi and Zhang Chonghe"

Time:15:00 on June 19th (Saturday)

Location:Floor 2, Sanlian Taofen Bookstore, No.22 Art Museum East Street, Dongcheng District

Guest:Sun Guisheng (Guqin), Shen Longzhu (the eldest son of Mr. Shen Congwen), Zhao Heng (a scholar of literature and history), Yang Zhishui (a researcher at the Literature Institute of China Academy of Social Sciences), Yan Shiyi (the granddaughter of Mr. Cha Fuxi) and Yan Xiaoxing (a scholar of Guqin art history and a media person).

Yan Xiaoxing, a scholar and media person, wrote a new book "The past is clear, the piano and flute are high-rise-Chafuxi and Zhang Chonghe", which meticulously depicts a story in the history of guqin art in the 20th century, truly presents the little-known life experience of Chafuxi, a great guqin player, reproduces the elegance of ancient China in the chaos, and perfectly reproduces Zhang Chonghe’s long handwritten score. On Saturday afternoon, he will invite Mr. Cha Fuxi’s granddaughter Yan Shiyi, the guqin player Sun Guisheng, the eldest son of Mr. Shen Congwen, and scholars of literature and history Zhao Heng and Yang Zhishui to visit Sanlian Taofen Bookstore to share this new book with readers.

Beijing | "It doesn’t belong to any type, but it is all-encompassing" —— A new book sharing meeting of The Book of Problems and The Book of Similarity by French postmodernism master Edmund Jabes

Time:June 19th (Saturday) 15:00-17:00

Location:SKP RENDEZ-VOUS, 4th floor, Beijing SKP Shopping Center, No.87 Jianguo Road, Chaoyang District

Guest:Liu Nanqi (translator), Yu Zhongxian (writer and translator), Wang Jiaxin (poet, translator and critic), and Yang Fang (editor and translator).

Edmund Jabes’s writing is of great personal characteristics and style. On June 19th, we invited several guests to visit SKP in Beijing to discuss the rich literary, historical and philosophical implications behind The Book of Problems and The Book of Similarity written by Edmund Jabes, a French postmodern master.

Beijing | Desire and Compassion in Jin Ping Mei

Time:June 19th (Saturday) 19:00-21:00.

Location:SKP RENDEZ-VOUS, 4th floor, Beijing SKP Shopping Center, No.87 Jianguo Road, Chaoyang District

Guest:Liu Xiaolei (university teacher and writer) and Zhuang Qiushui (writer and producer)

Jin Ping Mei is an absolutely realistic and honest work, but it becomes full of twists and turns and challenges in reading because it is too honest. Jin Ping Mei, as a desire, always reminds us to open our eyes and look at all beings. The characters in Jin Ping Mei are ourselves, and everyone has their greed and weakness, meanness and sorrows. At every key fork, if we want to enter the adult’s road, On June 19th, I listened to writers Liu Xiaolei and Zhuang Qiushui, shared the sentient beings in Jin Ping Mei with readers, and understood the complexity of human nature.

Beijing | Growth, Healing and Dreams —— Taste the sweetness of literature

Time:June 19th (Saturday) 19:00-21:00.

Location:5F One-way Space of Chaoyang Joy City, No.101 Chaoyang North Road, Chaoyang District

Guest:Wang Dun (Associate Professor, School of Literature, China Renmin University) and Huang Ximeng (writer and media person).

We often hear that this is an era in which literature is marginalized, but it is precisely an era in which literature is pervasive. Whether watching movies, following dramas, listening to songs, playing games, or even playing coslay, script killing and escaping from the secret room, we are all dealing with literature. People who really have nothing to do with literature do not exist. When we no longer hold the obsession with serious reading, we will taste the sweetness of literature, complete the growth of personality in the fictional "heroic journey", or realize individual redemption in the literary dream.

The Unique Charm of Bilingual Reading in Beijing | Dr. Seuss —— A series of new book releases of "Dr. Seuss Classic Bilingual Graded Reading"

Time:June 20th (Sunday) 10:00-11:30.

Location:Building Investment Bookstore, Floor 2, East Tower, Century Fortune Center, Building 1, Yard 5, Guanghua Road, Chaoyang District

Guest:Chen Yaping (Professor, School of English, Beijing Foreign Studies University), Yi Yan (Associate Professor, School of English, Beijing Foreign Studies University), Uncle Snail (English Talent), Yanzi (English Talent) and Yanzi’s mother (English Talent).

Dr. Seuss’s works are English enlightenment books that have been ranked in the reading list of American primary and secondary school students all the year round. On June 20th, Jiantou Bookstore and Relay Publishing House presented readers with a series of new book conferences on "Dr. Seuss Classic Bilingual Graded Reading". Professor Chen Yaping, director of China Children’s Language Research Center of Beijing Foreign Studies University, associate professor Yi Yan and well-known English learning bloggers were invited to jointly interpret the significance of early childhood reading and the pain points of English learning, explain in detail the tips of Dr. Seuss’s English learning and explore the tips of English enlightenment.

Beijing | Art is very scientific, and science is very artistic —— A new book sharing meeting of Yan Bojun, winner of Wenjin Prize

Time:June 20th (Sunday) 14:00-15:30

Location:West Gate CITIC Bookstore, Floor 1, Qihao Building, No.8 Xinyuan South Road, Chaoyang District

Speaker:Yan Bojun (popular science writer and art researcher)

Seurat’s Sunday afternoon in Big Bowl Island uses the same principle as modern inkjet printers. Vermeer, the author of The Girl with Pearl Earrings, probably understood the principle of "pinhole imaging" early. The interface design of Apple’s mobile phone is closely related to minimalism … Who said that art is emotional? Art is actually very scientific! What is the relationship between art and science? Yan Bojun, winner of Wenjin Award, talks with you about the history of western art with his new book "The Beauty of Opposites: 500 Years of Western Art"!

Screen painting symbiosis in Beijing | China art

Time:June 20th (Sunday) 14:30-16:30

Location:SKP RENDEZ-VOUS, 4th floor, Beijing SKP Shopping Center, No.87 Jianguo Road, Chaoyang District

Guest:Zheng Yan (Professor of Peking University Art Institute), Zhang Zhihui (Deputy Director of the Warehouse Editing Room of the Forbidden City Press), Xu Lei (Artist) and Wu Wei (Book Editor).

Screen and painted screen are not only an extremely rich and complicated historical phenomenon in the history of China, but also an important medium for modern Chinese and foreign exchanges. In order to sort out the existence and development of painting screen in ancient art and visual culture, Professor Wu Hong invited five scholars, including Li Qingquan, Zheng Yan, Huang Xiaofeng, Zhang Zhihui and Lin Weizheng, to study and write articles on the related topics of traditional painting screen. The research results have recently been assembled into a book, The Same Origin of Things and Paintings: Screens and Paintings in Ancient China, which was published by Shanghai Calligraphy and Painting Publishing House. On June 20th, we invited two authors of the book, Zheng Yan, a professor at Peking University Art Institute, Zhang Zhihui, deputy director of the utensils editing room of the Forbidden City Publishing House, and Xu Lei, a famous artist, to visit SKP in Beijing, and to interpret the position and significance of "painting screen" in the ancient art and life of China from two aspects of painting and furniture.

Beijing | Press Conference of the Writer’s New Novel "Echo"

Time:June 20th (Sunday) 15:00-17:00

Location:PageOne Bookstore 3F, Building 1, Yard 13, Langfang Toutiao, Xicheng District

Guest:Li Jingze (critic, writer), Pan Kaixiong (editor and literary critic), Zhang Qinghua (professor of Beijing Normal University), Zhang Li (professor of Beijing Normal University), Dongxi (writer).

In addition to maintaining a consistent writing style, Echo has a more objective and profound writing and a deeper understanding of characters and reality, which is more readable than any previous one. On the afternoon of June 20th, the writer Dongxi will bring his new book "Echo" to meet the long-awaited readers at PAGEONE Beijing Square Store. At that time, he will talk with Li Jingze, vice chairman of Chinese Writers Association, Pan Kaixiong, literary critic, Zhang Qinghua, executive director of Beijing Normal University’s International Writing Center, and Zhang Li, a professor at Beijing Normal University’s College of Literature, about Reverberation and the story behind it, and about literary creation and the development of the times.

Beijing | Raphael, Talk Show and the Name of the Rose —— Sharing Meeting of the New Book Understanding the World

Time:June 20th (Sunday) 19:00-21:00.

Location:SKP RENDEZ-VOUS, 4th floor, Beijing SKP Shopping Center, No.87 Jianguo Road, Chaoyang District

Guest:Li Jun (Professor of Central Academy of Fine Arts), Wang Jun (Professor of Philosophy Department of Zhejiang University), Shi Yifeng (Writer) and Lei Siwen (Associate Professor of Philosophy College of China Renmin University).

What kind of cross-border drama is it when philosophy, art, novels and rock music come together? What kind of sparks can cold ideological criticism, lofty architectural art, tortuous storyline and restless guitar melody collide? These fields are by no means independent of each other. They all influence and shape each other. On June 20th, we invited Li Jun, a professor from Central Academy of Fine Arts, Wang Jun, a professor from Zhejiang University, Shi Yifeng, a young writer, and Lei Siwen, an associate professor from Renmin University of China, to talk about the mutual influence and inspiration among philosophy, art, literature and music.

Beijing | Read everyone’s little books and learn about Japan in ancient and modern times —— Reading and sharing session of Iwabo’s Japanese History

Time:June 20th (Sunday) 19:00-21:00.

Location:Sanlian Taofen Bookstore, No.22, Art Museum East Street, Dongcheng District

Guest:Yang Bojiang (Director, Researcher and Doctoral Supervisor of Institute of Japanese Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences), Chu Xiaobo (Professor of Peking University Institute of International Relations, Director of Center for Modern Japanese Studies and Doctoral Supervisor), and Masahiko (former editor-in-chief of Yanbo Bookstore and "foreign expert" of Japanese Department of Peking University Foreign Studies University).

The series "Iwabo Japanese History" is a set of humanistic common sense books on Japanese general history, which is edited by Iwabo Bookstore in Japan and compiled by many Japanese scholars. It is a Japanese general history. This introduction invited experts and scholars in the field of Japanese history from four places across the Taiwan Strait as translators, hoping to fill the publishing gap in Japanese history in China. On Sunday afternoon, we invited three guests to share this series with you.

Shanghai | German Sinology and Cross-cultural Communication between China and Germany

Time:13:30 on Friday, June 18th.

Location:Room 4108, Humanities Building, East China Normal University, No.500 Dongchuan Road, Minhang District

Speaker:Sima Tao (Sinologist, distinguished professor, Sino-German Humanities Exchange Center, Tongji University)

Cultural communication and cross-cultural communication in the era of globalization is one of the hot spots in the field of cultural research in recent years. In the era of globalization, besides politics, economy and natural science, do we still need "culture", which comes from the "pre-globalization era" and is closely related to the country and the nation? Will culture promote human understanding or alienate each other? Starting from German China studies, the lecture explores the significance of cross-cultural communication and reexamines the definition and value of contemporary social culture.

Shanghai | Coexisting with the Great Soul —— Comments on Biography Writing of Three Cultural Giants in Northern Song Dynasty

Time:June 18th (Friday) 16:00-17:30.

Location:Weizhi Bookstore, 2nd Floor, Yulanyuan, Shanghai Jiaotong University, No.800 Dongchuan Road, Minhang District

Speaker:Cui Ming (Associate Professor, School of Humanities, Tongji University)

The Song Dynasty was a period of comprehensive prosperity and high maturity of ancient China culture. Ouyang Xiu, Wang Anshi and Su Shi lived in this splendid era. Their generations have been one after another, and there are many intersections in their lifetime, and their relationship is complicated. Moreover, there is a striking common feature: they are all rare encyclopedic cultural giants in the cultural history of China. During the twenty-four years from 1997 to 2020, Cui Ming’s reading and thinking mainly revolved around these three great figures, and successively completed Su Shichuan, Ouyang Xiu Biography and Wang Anshi Biography. In this workshop, Cui Ming will share with you the difficulties, confusion and spiritual agitation experienced in the writing process.

Shanghai | The Sea on Me: Selected Poems of Zhu Zhu’s New Book Release and Sharing Meeting

Time:June 18th (Friday) 19:00-21:00.

Location:Sinan Bookstore, No.517 Fuxing Middle Road, Huangpu District

Guest:Zhu Zhu (poet, curator and art critic), Han Bo (poet, artist and novelist) and Hu Sang (poet and translator).

The Sea on Me: Selected Poems of Zhu Zhu is the first anthology of poems written by the poet Zhu Zhu in 30 years. On the evening of June 18th, three poets, Zhu Zhu, Han Bo and Hu Sang, will visit Sinan Bookstore and take you to read Zhu Zhu’s poems with "full details and profound interior".

Shanghai | Classic Modern Variations —— Sharing Meeting of New Books of Worldly Articles

Time:June 18th (Friday) 19:00-21:00.

Location:3/F, No.150 Pucheng Road, Pudong New Area, Shanghai Pudong Library Rong Study Room

Guest:Huang Dehai (deputy editor-in-chief of Sinan Literature) and Konoha (poet and critic)

History has been growing because of our existence and attention. A visit to the original works of cultural classics in Chinese history is a kind of reassessment and inheritance, and it also contains a survey of the present. It is in the constant variation and circulation that those classics reveal eternal charm and enlightenment to the future. On Friday night, Huang Dehai, a writer, critic and author of Worldly Articles, will be a guest at Lujiazui Reading Club with Muye, a poet and critic, to read the classics left in the world with readers and open a wider world.

Shanghai | The Birth of the Woodcut communist party Declaration

Time:10:00 on June 19th (Saturday) 

Location:Film and Television Hall, 2nd Floor, Yangpu District Library, No.366 Changhai Road, Yangpu District

Speaker:Mao Ziliang (editor)

Over the past century, the communist party Declaration has become the most printed Chinese monograph of Marxist classics in China. Among many editions, the communist party Declaration printed and published by Shanghai Calligraphy and Painting Society (now Shanghai Calligraphy and Painting Publishing House) in 1970s is the most special. In 2021, in order to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the founding of our great the Communist Party of China (CPC), Shanghai Calligraphy and Painting Publishing House printed the original 1: 1 book of the communist party Declaration, which was block-printed in 1973, with rice paper printing, original photocopying and thread-bound publishing. In this lecture, Mr. Mao Ziliang, former vice president and deputy editor-in-chief of Shanghai Painting and Calligraphy Publishing House (Duoyunxuan), will focus on the woodcut engraving technology, the establishment of woodcut engraving book group, the creative process and the historical value of woodcut engraving communist party Declaration.

Shanghai | Eternal Power in Literary Classics —— Sharing Meeting on Xu Yuanchong’s Translation of "Three French Literary Classics"

Time:June 19th (Saturday) 14:00-16:00

Location:Sinan Literature House, No.505 Fuxing Middle Road, Huangpu District

Guest:Wang Hongtu (professor and doctoral supervisor of Chinese Department of Fudan University), Huang Yuning (publisher, translator and writer), Zhou Limin (executive deputy curator of Ba Jin’s former residence) and Zhang Yiwei (writer and teacher of Chinese Department of Fudan University).

Classical literary works provide endless nutrients for generations with their profound thoughts, beautiful language and eternal power across the times. The works translated by Mr. Xu Yuanchong, such as Red and Black, Madame Bovary and john cleese Dover, are all world classics that can provide people with spiritual growth value. On the occasion of Mr. Xu Yuanchong’s centenary birthday and the bicentennial of Flaubert’s birthday, Zhejiang Literature and Art Publishing House KEY- KEY has specially launched a commemorative edition of Xu Yuanchong’s centenary birthday, paying tribute to this great literary translator and this set of world classics that have influenced generations.

Shanghai | Listening to a Special Party Class —— A New Book Sharing Meeting of My Heart Surging —— Interview Diary of the First Congress of the Communist Party of China

Time:14:00 on June 19th (Saturday)

Location:1/F, Fuzhou Road Store, Shanghai Book City, No.465 Fuzhou Road, Huangpu District

Guest:Zou Juan (senior reporter of The Paper), Fu Xiangdong (retired teacher of Shanghai Health Medical College), Chen Sisi (reporter of The Paper) and Li Wanqing (editor of Shanghai Dictionary Publishing House).

On the occasion of the Communist Party of China (CPC)’s centenary birthday, the Memorial Hall of the First National Congress in communist party, China, The Paper. com and Shanghai Dictionary Publishing House jointly published the book My Heart Surges-Interview Diary of the First Congress of the Communist Party of China. In the form of diary, this book records what The Paper reporters saw and heard at the site of the First Congress of the Communist Party of China, so as to show the important historical position of the site of the First Congress of the Communist Party of China and the valuable value of revolutionary traditional education. This Saturday afternoon, several authors and publishers of the book, as well as Fu Xiangdong, a volunteer from the First Memorial Hall and the Fourth Memorial Hall of the Communist Party of China, will be guests in the new book publishing hall of Shanghai Book City to share the behind-the-scenes story of the birth of the book.

Shanghai | Words Like Its City: Tokyo, Hong Kong and Shanghai International Metropolis Handwriting Sharing Meeting

Time:June 19th (Saturday) 14:00-16:00

Location:Building 7, Shangsheng New Institute, No.1262 Yan ‘an West Road, Changning District

Guest:Ke Chijian (Visiting Professor of School of Design, Hong Kong Polytechnic University), Jiang Qinggong (Urban Culture Observer), Du Qin (Associate Professor of School of Design and Innovation/International School of Design and Innovation, Tongji University), Li Danfeng (Architect), Zhao Duo (Signboard Sketcher) and Yang Wei (Creative Director of Ruizi Chaopai Font Library).

The impact of fonts on the city’s interface performance, the exploration of signboard fonts, and whether there are more possibilities for fonts … We will share the urban handwriting stories told by graphic designers, font designers, architects and cultural observers who study urban design from an international perspective, and travel to different urban spaces with words as a guide. "Tokyo, Hong Kong and Shanghai" three cities take characters as a mirror. Let’s explore the possibility of characters together in all the spaces of the city.

Shanghai | Fudan Shangyi and Modern China

Time:June 19th (Saturday) 14:00-16:00

Location:Multi-function hall on the second floor of Yangpu District Library, No.366 Changhai Road, Yangpu District

Speaker:Wang Qiyuan (Associate Research Fellow, Institute of Chinese Ancient Books Protection, Fudan University)

Shanghai Fudan University and Shanghai No.1 Medical College are both institutions of higher learning that still exist today and have had an important influence in modern history. Before their merger at the end of last century, the two famous universities experienced a long period of germination and growth, and trained countless outstanding students and teachers, making indelible contributions to the progress, development and modernization of modern China. What famous academic masters have emerged from these two prestigious schools at home and abroad? What kind of karma has happened between them? On June 19th, Wang Qiyuan, an associate researcher at the Chinese Ancient Books Protection Research Institute of Fudan University, will give detailed answers in the lecture on "Fudan Medical Treatment and Modern China" held by Yangpu District Library.

Shanghai | The Privatization of Time: He Duoling’s "Grass and Color" solo exhibition lecture and the new book release signing ceremony of "Grass and Color"

Time:June 19th (Saturday) 14:30-16:00

Location:Lecture hall, 2nd floor, Long Art Museum (Xi ‘an Pavilion), No.3398 Longteng Avenue, Xuhui District

Guest:He Duoling (artist), Zhu Zhu (poet, curator, art critic), Liu Zhen (deputy academic director of Shanghai Himalayas Art Museum)

From April 25th to June 20th, He Duoling’s large-scale solo exhibition "Grass and Color", curated by the famous poet Zhu Zhu, was exhibited at the Long Art Museum (West Coast Pavilion). On June 19th, a special lecture on solo exhibition: Privatization of Time will be held, with Shen Qilan as the host. Artist He Duoling, curator Zhu Zhu and art critic Liu Zhen will gather in the lecture hall of Dragon Art Museum (West Coast Pavilion) to interact with the audience and discuss this exhibition and He Duoling’s artistic creation for more than 40 years.

Shanghai | South Africa Photo Book "Sunset Flight" New Book Sharing Meeting

Time:June 19th (Saturday) 14:30-16:30

Location:B1 Yanjiyou Bookstore, Hubin Road Shopping Center, No.150 Hubin Road, Huangpu District

Speaker:Tao Lixia (writer and translator)

On Saturday afternoon, the best-selling author Tao Lixia will visit Yanjiu Bookstore to share her new book Sunset Flight.

Shanghai | Talk about East Asia in and out of the play

Time:June 20th (Sunday) 14:00-17:00

Location:Duoyun Academy Drama Store, No.398 Changle Road, Huangpu District

Guest:Fan Yiru (media person), Sha Qingqing (deputy director of Shanghai Library Historical Documentation Center) and Quan Xiaoxing (media person).

After watching so many Japanese and Korean dramas, do you really know our neighbors Japan and South Korea? Is Naoki Banzawa, a miracle of viewing in the Heisei era in Japan, really a masterpiece in the workplace? What is the workplace culture of traditional Japanese companies? Why "Midnight Food Store" resonates with China and South Korea … You can find the answers to these questions in the popular podcast program "East Asia Observatory". On the afternoon of June 20th, we invited three anchors to the Duoyun Academy and Drama Store to talk about the hot cultural topics in Japan and South Korea during this year, including film and television, art and so on, and feel the "change" and "unchanged" of East Asian society.

Shanghai | Wonders of the State: A Random Talk on China’s Ancient Technology and Culture

Time:June 20th (Sunday) 14:00-15:30

Location:Chinese version study room on the first floor of Oriental Century Building, No.345 Xianxia Road, Changning District

Guest:Jiang Xiaoyuan (Professor and Doctoral Supervisor of Shanghai Jiaotong University) and Huang Feili (Book Editor)

China’s ancient technological achievements are obvious to all, leading the world for a long time. Today, when we look back, how should we view and evaluate China’s ancient technology and the culture behind it? Compared with western science and technology, what path did China’s ancient technological development follow? Can we copy the ancient technology today? What is the reference for today? And listen to Professor Jiang Xiaoyuan, a big coffee maker in the history of science in Shanghai Jiaotong University, and Huang Feili, editor of Zhonghua Book Company, for your in-depth explanation.

Shanghai | Stream of Memory: Iron Gate of Concession, a River Closure

Time:June 20th (Sunday) 14:00-16:00

Location:3F Theater of Shanghai Museum of Contemporary Art, No.678 Miaojiang Road, Huangpu District

Speaker:Ma Jun (Director, Modern History Research Office, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences)

The people staying in the city are like the surges and blockages of water bodies, in which there are countless forces interacting, and finally they always leave vague but traceable marks. The iron gate in the concession in Shanghai history is such a story. From Shiliupu to the French-Chinese border of Xieqiao, the French Concession authorities built nearly 40 iron gates in front of and behind the major traffic points. The iron gate in the concession lasted for 20 years from the beginning of construction to the final demolition in early 1946. In the meantime, their opening and closing, full opening and half closing, and the need to check the license until they are completely passed, all have a great impact on the political, economic and social life of Shanghai. The micro-narration of the role of these iron gates in the city in history can give us a glimpse of the living conditions in Shanghai at that time and think about the factors and influences that blocked the flow.

Shanghai | Reading on Walking —— The Launch Conference of the New Book Reading on Walking

Time:June 20th (Sunday) 14:00-15:30

Location:F8 Guanghai Bookstore, First Department Store Commercial Center, No.830 Nanjing East Road, Huangpu District

Guest:Zhang Ying (Shanghai Librarian), zhou li (Sports Commentator), Hong Renjie (Architect), etc.

This Sunday afternoon, Zhang Ying will bring her new book "Reading on the Move-A Slow Travel in the City" to meet you at Guanghai Bookstore and share the reading on the move with several guests. How to "read" a city? Zhang Ying gave her answer in the book: take a step, take a walk on the streets of the city, look at the unique buildings and shops, take away a story, or leave a memory.

Shanghai | "Green Pepper" Dilemma and Solution —— Tongji Bookstore’s "From Green Pepper to Thinker" Reading Club

Time:June 23rd (Wednesday) 14:00-16:00.

Location:Tongji Bookstore, No.2 Chifeng Road, Yangpu District

Speaker:Zhu Dajian (Director, Institute of Sustainable Development and Management, Tongji University)

Young teachers in colleges and universities are falling into a kind of group anxiety, especially under the influence of the system of "promotion or leaving", the professional dilemma and performance pressure they face are becoming more and more prominent. How to relieve the anxiety and confusion of university "green peppers", Professor Zhu Dajian, a senior liberal arts professor at Tongji University, will not only give the solution in the book "From Green Pepper to Thinker", but also communicate face to face with readers during the activity.

Shanghai | The Self-adjustment of Eurasian Regime in 15th-18th Century

Time:June 24th (Thursday) 9:00-17:45.

Location:Meeting Room 5, 3rd Floor, Fuxuan Hotel, No.400 Guoding Road, Yangpu District

Guest:Wang Xianhua (Professor, Institute of Global Civilization History, Shanghai International Studies University), Fu Ma (Assistant Professor and Researcher, Peking University History Department and China Ancient History Research Center), Abla Jiang (Ethnic Publishing House), etc.

This workshop will be divided into four parts: the image of the empire and historical writing, various aspects of the Mongolian empire from the perspective of Europe and Asia, the inheritors of the heritage of the Mongolian empire and the connection and fragmentation of the eastern world. Scholars will publish their own thematic reports and make comments.

Chongqing | Disappeared and Created —— A New Book Sharing Meeting of the Year of Miracles in Donglai

Time:June 19th (Saturday) 15:00-17:00

Location:Blade book tavern on the second floor of Xiexin Xingguang Plaza, No.99 Wuyi Road, Yuzhong District

Guest:Donglai (writer) and Yuanzi (writer)

On the afternoon of June 19th, the writer Donglai came to Chongqing from Shanghai in the east, visited Chongqing Blade Book Tavern with his long-lost friend, writer Yuanzi, and chatted with Jiang Ling, the bookstore manager.

Chongqing | A Long Way to the Home Front —— Sharing the new book "Going Back: Looking for The National SouthWest Associated University on Roads, Rivers and Post Roads"

Time:June 20th (Sunday) 15:00-17:00

Location:Nan ‘an District Nanbin Road Dongyuan Hall 1891D L2 Classic Bookstore

Guest:Xu Bei (director), Tigerson Yang (reporter, writer)

Tigerson Yang’s new book "Walking Again" attempts to go back to the starting point of the legend of The National SouthWest Associated University through walking and writing, and to explore the historical efforts of going to the rear area. Director Xu Bei’s latest film, One Day When We Were Young, invites the post-1990s old people who are over 90 years old to tell their own stories about this road and the memories of youth of this university. On June 20th, we invited two distinguished guests, Xu Bei and Tigerson Yang, to Chongqing, where they shared this memory and the past. We also thought together, when the flood of the times engulfed us and our common ideals and values were constantly questioned and challenged, did the spiritual rear exist? Where should we go?

Nanjing | Poetry is an art.

Time:15:00 on Sunday, June 20th.

Location:Pioneer bookstore, No.173 Guangzhou Road, Gulou District

Guest:HanDong (novelist, poet, screenwriter), Lu Yang (novelist, poet), Mao Yan (artist), Su Tong (writer), Yang Jian (poet), Zhou Yiqing (professor of printmaking department, Academy of Fine Arts), zuoxiao zuzhou (musician) and Potato Brothers (poet).

HanDong, Mao Yan, Lu Yang and Yu Xiaowei, four different names, intersect in poetry. With the accumulation of their friendship over the years, their equal and mutually confirmed relationship in creation also enabled the four men to continue to exert a new force in the so-called "struggle" that constantly collided. On the afternoon of June 20th, the poet HanDong, the poet and painter Mao Yan, the poet Lu Yang, the writer Su Tong, the artist zuoxiao zuzhou, the poet Yang Jian, the artist Zhou Yiqing and the poet Potato Brothers will come to the head office in Wutaishan, pioneer bookstore, to approach the truth of poetry with a cross-disciplinary exchange.

Chengdu | Reading Meeting and Author Sharing Meeting of 100 Most Beautiful Ancient Poems in Chengdu

Time:June 20th (Sunday) 14:30-16:00

Location:Lecture hall on the second floor of Wenxuan BOOKS, China Merchants Garden City, No.669 Shanbanqiao Road, Chenghua Avenue, chenghua district

Speaker:Yang Yuhua (Professor, Wenxin College, Chengdu University)

Chengdu has always been an important town of China’s poetry, with many famous works of past dynasties. Now, a book "100 Most Beautiful Ancient Poems in Chengdu" includes them all. On June 20th, we invited Yang Yuhua, the author of 100 Most Beautiful Ancient Poems in Chengdu, to share the beauty and truth in these ancient poems with us.

Zhengzhou | Between "Liangzhuang" and "Yellow River" —— Regional Writing of Contemporary China Literature Territory

Time:June 19th (Saturday) 15:00-17:00

Location:Jinshui District Wenhua Road No.2 Songshe Bookstore

Guest:Liang Hong (Professor and Writer of China Renmin University) and Shao Li (Writer)

Ten years after the publication of China in Liangzhuang, Liang Hong continued to write Liangzhuang for ten years. On Saturday afternoon, Liang Hong, a professor at China Renmin University, and Shao Li, chairman of Henan Federation of Literary and Art Circles, will visit Songshe together. I will bring readers works such as Ten Years of Liangzhuang and Yellow River Story, tell a typical story of China, and discuss the regional writing of contemporary China literature territory.

Dialogue "Treasure Singer" Chen Chusheng: There is more room for imagination in my music.

writing| No.7 (Roth Film and Television Research Group)

Chen Chusheng, a voice that runs through 2007, can always sing a life story with deep affection. However, such a voice was silent for a long time, and it was not until he boarded the stage of Hunan Satellite TV’s "Who is the Treasure Singer" that everyone found him again.

Chen Chusheng appeared as an "equal sign" singer, and the recommender Luo Yonghao asked the most concerned question on behalf of everyone: "I haven’t heard from you for many years. What have you been busy with these years?" Chen Chusheng said frankly in the program that in fact, he has been playing bands and making music, but it is different from the past era of "wine is not afraid of the depth of the alley". Now he needs to work hard to let more people know that he is still singing and making music. "If there is such an opportunity for more people to hear, I am willing to start again, starting with the’ equal sign’."

Tomorrow night, "Who is the Treasure Singer" will usher in a "highlight night". At the end of the program, Chen Chusheng was interviewed by the national media, including the story of catching entertainment (ID: IBUYUJI), and shared his feelings about the program and his musical journey.

"Very compact and exciting."

After receiving the invitation from director Hong Tao, Chen Chusheng promised to be on "Who is the Treasure Singer" with little consideration. He said that if he wants to meet young and powerful musicians, he also wants to test his efforts in music over the past few years. "This time I came to the show to hope to put aside all my past achievements, go into battle easily, face every singing seriously and enjoy the stage to the fullest."

Every treasure singer will replace his name with a "symbol" before revealing his name. Chen Chusheng chose "=" (equal sign). When the familiar "Did anyone ever tell you" sang again, everyone was moved. This is indeed a voice that everyone has been waiting for for a long time.

Arai XI, the presenter of the program, was deeply moved: "I used to have a lot of singers, but I am still willing to stand here anonymously." The music critic Er Di commented that the new version of Did Anyone Tell You has a sense of sadness and infiltration. "With the sad strings that are not what they used to be, it is a feeling that’ things are people who don’t rest everything, and tears flow first’, which shows that there is a deeper understanding of singing."

After years of tempering, the voice is more pure. Chen Chusheng maintains his awe of the stage. He admits that he is very nervous. "After all, he has not sung on such a stage for a long time." The tension continued until he sang "Mercury" with Land Rover, and his familiar old friends made him relax a lot.

Talking about the "trip to the treasure", Chen Chusheng admitted that the biggest gain was "enjoyment". There is no teleprompter on this stage, and every song is required to be thoroughly understood and integrated into your own understanding. In the duet session, you have to cooperate with your partner in many harmonies. "It is very compact, but it is also very exciting, so you will still feel very happy after singing, especially if you don’t forget so many words."

"Who is the Treasure Singer" includes Mesozoic singers such as Manjiang, Hannah Kim and Jiang Meiqi, as well as new generation singers such as the landlord’s cat and ICE PAPER. Chen Chusheng obviously feels a change. He said, on a stage similar to the T-stage, "You will see a lot of new generation singers who will express themselves on different stage forms and make full use of this stage. When we talk about singing, we actually (except) sing well, so we have to think about how to perform it. I think this part needs me to learn, that is, how to make full use of different stages to express my different forms, so that people on the scene or the whole visual effect can be integrated with music to maximize the enjoyment of visual hearing. "

"slowly pick up the memories"

"I am a singer, and my clue is’ I am No.09 player’." When Chen Chusheng first appeared, he introduced himself like this. 09 is the number when he participated in Happy Boys in 2007, when countless viewers voted for this number. Returning to the stage, Chen Chusheng saw many familiar IDs and names, and "felt very cordial". Happily, there are also many new IDs. "These people know me in this program, which is also a very happy thing for me."

In the "Who is the Treasure Singer" program, there is also a good brother of Chen Chusheng, the "No.07 player" Land Rover. They sang two songs together, and the singing video was circled on social networks, which caused praise and heated discussion.

One is "To My Former Self", which starts with the numbers of "No.09 Chen Chusheng" and "No.05 Land Rover" in the fast boy period, and instantly brings back the youthful memories of the audience. The audience commented on the tacit understanding and passion of the two people’s singing. "The narrative tone tells the story of their experiences and moods along the way. Even if time passes, the past is not like smoke. It is still a burning flame that ignites their love for music and cherishes their friendship."

One is Mercury, an excellent musical work that has been covered many times. Chen Chusheng and Lu Hu’s singing kept the artistic conception and emotional expression of the original version to the greatest extent, faithfully presented the lonely surroundings created by Guo Ding, and explained it again with the most sincere and sincere emotions. They seem to be carefully caring for a song, and their eyes are sincere and pure, moving.

How do you feel about being on the same stage with Land Rover after 14 years? Chen Chusheng said, in fact, this is the first time they sang in the same stage. "We will talk about many things we experienced together in the past and slowly pick up many memories. I am very happy to have such an opportunity to sing with him, and I can also see each other’s growth through this singing on the same stage. How to say it is very warm, because two people are familiar with each other and the communication on music is very fast. In this process, it is very smooth and very happy. "

haveGood work,alsoLet people hear you"

The recommender Luo Yonghao was very excited to see Chen Chusheng in Who is the Treasure Singer. "I haven’t heard from you for many years. What have you been busy with these years?"

Different from the fate of most draft champions, Chen Chusheng’s "debut is the peak". In his 26-to 36-year-old golden decade, he experienced highs and lows, and he was confused and gained happiness. Although there was a lot of repercussions when he kicked the Hunan Satellite TV "Singer" program in 2019, he turned around and disappeared. Later, the audience actually saw him in a program that tested his acting skills.

In fact, Chen Chusheng did not leave music. In 2014, after his contract with Huayi Music expired, he set up an independent studio and formed a five-person band SPY.C After that, he was active in music festivals and band tours as the lead singer of the band. Chen Chusheng said, "The most influential person in my music career is Ka Kui Wong. I learned guitar because I watched the videos of their concerts, and I was also influenced by them in writing words, including forming a band. "

In order to show the diversity of music styles, Chen Chusheng specially sang a disco-style Evening Dress in Who is the Treasure Singer. "I chose this song because I hope more people can understand Chen Chusheng’s music content, which may not be as simple as most people think. In fact, I have been doing a lot with the band from my second and third albums to the album Detective C with my own band SPY.C Chen Chusheng said that through the expression of Evening Dress, I want to communicate with you and let more people know. "In fact, there is more room for imagination in Chen Chusheng’s music, and I have been doing this all these years."

There is good music, but it is difficult to be heard by the public. This is a big dilemma that Chen Chusheng is facing at present. He admits that now is the era of information explosion and streaming media, and everyone can be from the media. "If you want others to pay attention to you, in addition to the good works you can get, you must let people hear and see. Maybe I am more traditional from the media. Unlike many young musicians now, they are doing very well in this piece. I also hope that I can learn more. "

Participating in "Who is the Treasure Singer" has gained a lot, and more people have heard their own voices. Chen Chusheng is ready to start again. "In fact, Chu Sheng has been making music seriously in recent years, seriously facing every album."

Editor-in-Chief | Main Typesetting | Factory Director | No.7

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Wan Li rode alone.| Word of Honor

Rush to the hot search! On a hot day, the mother gave the electric fan to her child and was killed by the heat.

After crouching

The high temperature in various places continues to spread.

Some people don’t pay attention to it after heatstroke.

Wait until after severe heatstroke

The tragedy is irreversible …

In the past week, the emergency department of Sandun Hospital of Zhejiang Hospital has received many cases of heatstroke every day. A 30-year-old female patient with heatstroke (severe heatstroke) did not turn on the air conditioner at home, and the electric fan was given to the child. By the time the family found out that she was not in the right condition, the patient had fallen into a deep coma.

What took you so long? Her husband explained that "she is not afraid of heat at ordinary times". In the end, the doctors tried their best, but there was nothing they could do.

The doctor stressed that heatstroke is severe heatstroke, and the mortality rate is very high if the rescue is not timely. However, heatstroke usually does not happen suddenly. If there is threatened heatstroke or mild heatstroke, we must intervene in time, otherwise the symptoms will continue to worsen, such as heatstroke and even death.

On the social platform, related topics also rushed to the hot search.

Netizens said

"Poor inherit the wind"

Some netizens don’t understand her husband’s words.

Xiao Bian reminds that in high temperature weather, whether in production or life, we should guard against the personal safety risks caused by summer heat.

Eight Mistakes of Heat Shock Disease

Misunderstanding 1

Heat stroke is heatstroke, so it is not life-threatening.

Heat stroke is the most serious type of severe heatstroke. Heat stroke is not as simple as raising body temperature, but produces a series of terrible physiological reactions. Patients will have multiple organ failure, central nervous system dysfunction, disseminated intravascular coagulation and so on. If it is not properly treated in time, the death rate of heat stroke is very high, and the general death rate can reach 50%-70%, and the death rate of elderly patients over 70 years old will reach 80%.

Myth 2

If you have symptoms of heatstroke, you can cool down at home.

Heatstroke is extremely dangerous once it develops to the stage of heatstroke. When the patient has symptoms of heatstroke such as high fever, no sweat, blurred consciousness, convulsion, or even no response, don’t hesitate to call 120 in time and send him to the hospital as soon as possible.

Misunderstanding 3

Indoor, there will be no heat stroke.

Heat stroke is not exclusive to outdoor, and indoor small environment with high temperature and poor ventilation may also cause heat stroke. Decoration workers and workshop workers who stay in a closed space for a long time belong to the high-risk group of heat stroke; Some elderly people live in old houses with poor ventilation and no air conditioning, and are also prone to heat stroke.

Misunderstanding 4

If you don’t do strenuous exercise, you won’t get heatstroke.

Heat stroke can be divided into labor type and non-labor type, the former refers to strenuous exercise in summer and high-intensity physical activity; The latter is common in the elderly, infants, pregnant women and other people with slightly weaker physique. In the summer of 2022, there was an incident in Shandong where a woman suffered from fever during the confinement period and eventually died of heatstroke.

Myth 5

If the temperature is not high, it is not heatstroke.

Elevated body temperature is the main feature of heatstroke, and the core body temperature of patients is mostly above 40℃. The core temperature mentioned here is often reflected by rectal temperature. Our daily measurement of axillary temperature or ear temperature can only be used as a reference, and can not be used as a basis for the diagnosis of heatstroke.

Myth 6

Only in summer will there be heatstroke.

Heat stroke is not exclusive to summer. For example, workers who work in unventilated high-temperature factories for a long time, firefighters who face raging fires, and even people who steam saunas in winter may suffer from heat stroke.

Misunderstanding 7

In hot weather, eating more cold drinks can prevent heatstroke.

The most important thing to prevent heatstroke is to drink plenty of water, including white water, salt water and drinks containing electrolytes such as potassium, sodium and chlorine. Eating a lot of cold drinks will increase the burden on the stomach. Alcoholic drinks and high-sugar drinks will make the body lose water and are not recommended.

Misunderstanding 8

Women with weak constitution are more likely to get heatstroke.

Generally speaking, women’s heat adaptability is weaker than men’s, but a large number of clinical data show that there are more men suffering from heat stroke than women, which should be related to men’s more outdoor work and heavy physical activities. Such as outdoor high-temperature workers, steel workers, firefighters, athletes, soldiers participating in training, etc. are all high-risk groups of heat stroke.

Diffusion reminds people around you

The heat is scorching

Be sure to watch out for heatstroke!

Original title: "Rush to hot search! On a hot day, my mother gave her electric fan to her child and she was killed by heat.

Read the original text

This week’s wonderful movie channel has broadcast many fantasy movies since 12.20.

Special feature of 1905 film network In the genre practice of China’s films, fantasy films have sprung up in recent years, with excellent films such as series, Journey to the West series, Di Renjie series and so on. Domestic fantasy movies are based on oriental mythology, with grand scenes and exploding 3D special effects, which capture a large number of fans and gradually occupy a place in domestic film types.

As the largest domestic film output platform in China, the movie channel will assemble a series of fantasy movies such as "Nine-story Demon Tower" this week, as well as suspense crime movies, healing love and so on, so stay tuned!

Nine-story demon tower

Fantasy index: ★★★★★★★

Highlight: A wonderful adaptation of Ghost Blowing Lights that fans should not miss.

Broadcast time: December 20th at about 15:55.

In 1979, the skeleton of a mysterious creature was discovered in Kunlun Mountain. The expedition led by Hu Bayi went deep into the hinterland of Kunlun Mountain to find more secrets about the remains of paleontology, only to be attacked by different mysterious creatures in the process and accidentally fell into the nine-story demon tower. Except for Hu Bayi, the life and death of the group became a mystery.

Hu Bayi returned to Beijing after leaving the army, reunited with his young Wang Kaixuan, and embarked on the journey of exploring unknown civilization again between the mysterious man and the expedition team. On the way, he met Shirley Yang and went hand in hand. A group of people were attacked by unknown creatures in the prince’s tomb, oil town and other places. What happened here once again points to the nine-story demon tower, and this time it will be an unsolved mystery that has been dusty for thousands of years … …

Wonderful film review:The first step is China’s fantasy works that can compete with Hollywood blockbusters.— — From time network

The Four Heavenly Kings of Di Renjie

Fantasy index: ★★★★★★★

Highlight: The fantasy and suspense of ancient mythology, the martial arts action reappears Tsui Hark’s fantasy masterpiece.

Broadcast time: about 20:15 on December 20th.

The Four Heavenly Kings of Di Renjie is the third in a series of films directed by Tsui Hark.Strange things happened one after another in Luoyang, the capital of the gods, and the samurai group wearing the ghost face of Chiyou committed crimes everywhere; The fox outside the pub knows human language; The carved dragons on the pillars of the palace Ganyuan Hall came alive. As a detective, Di Renjie should not only solve the truth and motivation of the mysterious case, but also find ways to face Wu Hou’s pressing.

Prior to this, Di Renjie broke the case of the Dragon King, was given a royal mace of Kang Long, and was in charge of Dali Temple, which made him the biggest threat to Wu Zetian’s road to power. In order to eliminate the thorn in the side, Wu Zetian ordered Wei Chi Jin to assemble a powerful group of aliens in an attempt to seize Kang Long’s mace.Di Renjie not only has to protect Kang Long’s mace, but also has to solve mysterious and strange cases, and he has to face Wu Zetian’s seizure of power and is caught in many crises … …

Wonderful film review:A spectacle film that combines brain holes, imagination and fantasy.— — From Douban. Shameless, asshole

Never imagined

Funny index: ★★★★★★★

Highlight: Popular online dramas grafted with The Journey to the West’s hilarious doubled.

Broadcast time: December 20th, about 11:38.

The story sets the time in the Tang Dynasty and takes Shi Niu town as the starting point. According to legend, Shi Niu, a huge monster, and a small demon named Wang Dachui were suppressed here.Hammer, the little demon king, was born different from ordinary people, with sharp ears and a little magic. He always boasted of the local demon king. But what he never expected was that his fate was reversed after meeting the Tang Priest’s Master-Apprentice Group. For the Tang Priest’s Master-Apprentice Group, meeting Wang Dachui was also the 82nd most depressing task. Therefore, the two sides staged a fantastic adventure of loving each other and killing each other.

Wonderful film review:This is a movie that can make the audience laugh from beginning to end.— — From the network Yanshan Knife A

Next: predecessor

Warm index: ★★★★★★★

Highlight: A warm-hearted healing romance.

Broadcast time: December 19th at about 12:18.

If you are still confused in love, hurt by the pain brought by your predecessor, and hesitate on the way to find the next one, you might as well walk into this film and have a healing journey. Maybe you will find that love is not far away.

Lin Xintian, played by Guo Caijie, has never had a smooth road to love, and she can never meet the right person at the right time. Just when she was disheartened, fate made her meet the affectionate warm man Wuchuan played by Ryan. I thought that I finally met the right person this time, and when I was immersed in happiness, I was miserable and cheated. At the height of sadness, good luck finally arrived, and Lin Xintian, who was wandering around, finally found true love — — The person who has had a secret crush since he was a student and has never let go.

The wrong person will eventually be separated, and the right person will always come. Those injuries and tears you have suffered in love are also the foreshadowing of happiness.

Wonderful film review:Don’t be afraid of love, because it is predestined.— — From time network taoxinxu Shi Fan

Glacier chasing after the murderer

Suspense index: ★★★★★★★

Highlight: Reveal the cold and warm life behind the suspense mystery.

Broadcast time: about 00:28 on December 20th.

Snowflakes flying all over the sky created a picturesque dream world, but in this dream world, a complicated case was quietly buried. The murderer killed three people in an extremely cruel way. Every time he committed the crime in the same way, he cut the ice with a chainsaw, tied the victim’s hands behind his back, then threw it into the biting glacier, and finally covered it with ice, letting it slowly struggle to death.

Headed by Zhou Peng, a senior policeman played by Tony Leung Ka Fai, and Wang Hao, a young detective played by David, the "murderer" went deep into the glacier to trace the real murderer and find the truth.In the cold glacier with hidden dangers, everyone is inevitably involved in a series of complicated events, but the ultimate truth under the glacier subverts everyone’s imagination … … In the film, whether it is the fetters of family ties, the reflection on environmental protection, or the revenge between good and evil, it is very embarrassing.

Wonderful film review:An action suspense blockbuster with strong male hormones, freezing the corpse under the ice and gripping.— — Pony from the internet shines

The topic of "super moon" has been searched frequently: how to form it? How to observe?

  Beijing, March 12 (Reporter Shangguan Yun) A bright moon often entrusts people with good wishes and thoughts. Recently, topics related to the "Super Moon" have been on the hot search for many times, and astronomy enthusiasts have chosen the right time and place to observe and feast their eyes.

  In fact, the "super moon" is an astronomical phenomenon that everyone has paid more attention to in recent years. So, what is a "super moon"? When does it usually appear? How can people observe?

  Conditions for the formation of "super moon"

  To form a "super moon", two basic conditions need to be met, one is "nearest" and the other is "roundest".

  Data Map: On March 9, the night of February 16, the Lunar Year of the Rat, Beijing, before the arrival of the "Super Moon", a full moon rose, reflecting the street lights in the community. China News Service reporter Sun Zifa photo

  "The orbit of the moon around the earth is elliptical, with the closest perigee and the farthest apogee." Yuan Fengfang, director of popular science at Xinglong Observation Base of National Astronomical Observatory of Chinese Academy of Sciences, explained.

  She said that "super moon" means that the moon is at the perigee when it is at the full moon. At this time, when the moon comes to perigee, it looks bigger than usual because it is close to the earth.

  "February 19, 2019 is the Lantern Festival in China, which happens to be ‘ Super moon ’ 。” Yuan Fengfang said, "The super full moon meets with our traditional festivals, which is more ornamental and attracts public attention."

  How to watch "Super Moon"?

  To watch the super moon, strictly speaking, you can choose to observe it when the moon-earth-sun is closest to a straight line in sequence. To put it simply, on the night when the "super moon" appeared, it can be observed anywhere as long as it is sunny or in partly cloudy.

  Data Map: On the evening of March 10th, "Super Moon" appeared in Beijing. China News Service reporter Futian photo

  Yuan Fengfang introduced a set of data. At 10: 35 am on April 8, Beijing time, the moon, the earth and the sun were almost in a straight line, and the moon was the most round at this time; At 2: 08 am on April 8, Beijing time, the moon reached perigee.

  She said that it is suitable for observation from the evening of April 7 to the morning of the 8 th. You can shoot a moon at 2: 08 am on April 8 and before sunrise.

  "In fact, we can appreciate it with our eyes ‘ Super moon ’ You can also use ordinary binoculars or monoculars, or even SLR and telephoto lenses. " Yuan Fengfang explained that "super moon" is a very common astronomical phenomenon. "We can see the full moon every month, can’t we?"

  Appear no more than 4 times a year.

  Earlier, some media reported that astronomical experts said that the "super moon" mostly happened on the 15th and 16th lunar months, and it will be staged four times in the Year of the Rat in the lunar calendar, and the time will be on February 9th, March 10th, April 8th and May 7th respectively.

  “‘ Super moon ’ In fact, it is only a very common phenomenon. The period between the moon’s arrival at perigee takes 27.55 days, and the period between two full moons is the full moon, which takes 29.27-29.83 days. " Yuan Fengfang said.

  There is a small time difference between the above two periods. Yuan Fengfang said that it is precisely because of the difference in the length of the cycle that there are no more than four "super moons" every year.

  Data Map: "Super Moon" appeared in Beijing. China News Service reporter Mao Jianjun photo

  Interestingly, Yuan Fengfang mentioned that the perigee of the moon on April 8 was about 500 kilometers closer to the earth than the perigee on March 10. Therefore, the "super moon" on April 8 will be a little bigger (about 0.1%), but it is difficult for the naked eye to see the difference in size.

  Interesting "Minimum Moon"

  It is worth noting that there are not only "Super Moon" but also "Minimum Moon", and some netizens jokingly call it "Super Little Moon".

  The so-called "minimum moon", that is to say, when the moon is full moon, it just runs near the apogee.

  "The only time in 2020 ‘ The smallest moon ’ , on October 31. " Yuan Fengfang suggested that interested people can take pictures of the "Super Moon" and the "Minimum Moon" in the same place and use the same set of shooting equipment, and then make a comparison. This is an astronomical observation that the general public can do. (End)

The director of the film version of A Dream of Red Mansions responded why the title of the film was not called "Mu Shi Qian Meng"

According to the Sina film report, Hu Mei, the director of the film version of A Dream of Red Mansions, responded to the controversy about the film title "Good Marriage".

Wandering stars

Hu Mei: First of all, I would like to sincerely thank netizens for their attention to the film. Next, I would like to share with you my understanding of the film title: As we all know, "Mu Shi Qian Meng" said that the crimson pearl fairy grass still shed tears, and Daiyu died of tears; And "Golden Jade and Good Marriage" refers to the death of Daiyu and the marriage of Baoyu Baochai. However, does getting married mean happiness? Is this marriage fair to Xue Baochai?

In the fifth episode of A Dream of Red Mansions, the lyrics of Baochai’s "Life’s Mistake" are written as follows: "Facing the sky, the mountains are glittering and translucent with snow; I will never forget the lonely forest in the world. " The implication is that Baoyu obviously guards Baochai every day, but he can never forget Daiyu in his heart. "Even if it is Qi Mei’s case, it is hard to be flat." The word "meaning is difficult to be flat" is now an online buzzword. Although it was not initiated by Cao Xueqin, it was remembered and still used today because of A Dream of Red Mansions. I think these three heavy words are about the fate of Bao Daichai. Therefore, the title of the film is not to promote women and restrain women, and the story does not promote women and restrain women; The "alliance between wood and stone" is about the tragedy of two people, while the "golden jade and good marriage" is about the tragedy of three people. If "the alliance between wood and stone" is "great sorrow", then "the marriage of gold and jade" is "great sorrow", which is also the story that our film really wants to tell.

Thank you again for your attention. See you at the cinema.

Wandering stars

Shang Tang’s "Mid-term Examination": The big model was accelerated and upgraded, and the revenue related to generative AI increased by 670.4% year-on-year.

On August 28th, Shang Tang Group released the semi-annual report for 2023, achieving an operating income of 1.433 billion yuan in the first half of the year, up 1.3% year-on-year; The net loss narrowed by 2% compared with the same period of last year, and the adjusted net loss narrowed by 6.7%.

The financial report shows that the Group’s revenue related to generative AI has achieved a strong growth of three digits thanks to the release of the "day-by-day" big model system during the reporting period, and the generative AI product series such as "Consultation SenseChat", "Second Picture SenseMirage" and "Shadow SenseAvatar". According to the latest news, Shang Tang’s "growing day by day" big model has passed the Interim Measures for the Management of Generative Artificial Intelligence Services for the record, and Shang Tang’s "Consultation SenseChat" has been officially opened to the whole society.

Shang Tang said that while increasing investment in R&D of large-scale models, the Group still adhered to the operating goal of continuously reducing losses. Combined with the management requirements of cost reduction implemented since 2022, its AI commercialization efficiency improved, and the current operating cost decreased by 6.5% year-on-year.

Shang Tang’s capital reserve is still sufficient. By the end of the reporting period, Shang Tang held a total of 14.82 billion yuan in bank deposits, cash in hand, structured deposits, bonds and other fixed-income products.

The iteration of large-scale model technology is accelerated to consolidate the core competitiveness of AI.

Since the end of 2022, the generative AI model has been on the rise, and the world’s major technology giants are rushing into the big model track, intending to get a slice of this promising market.

IDC predicts that in 2026, the AI big model market in China will reach 21.1 billion US dollars, and nearly 50% of the terminal devices in China market will have AI engine technology.

In April, 2023, Shang Tang’s "Consultation SenseChat1.0" was released, which is one of the earliest chat robot products based on the large language model with hundreds of billions of parameters in China.Only two months later, Shang Tang, together with a number of top domestic scientific research institutions, released the first basic model InternLM with comprehensive performance exceeding GPT-3.5-turbo in China. On this basis, "Consultation" quickly iterated to version 2.0.

In August, the new model InternLM-123B completed the training, and ranked second in the world in terms of test scores on a total of 300,000 questions in 51 well-known evaluation sets around the world.For example, in five evaluation sets on reading comprehension, the scores of InternLM-123B are all higher than those of GPT-3.5-turbo and the LLaMA2-70B model newly released by Meta, and the scores of individual test sets differ by nearly 20 points.

It is reported that InternLM-123B focuses on upgrading the code interpreter and plug-in calling ability. python interpreter, API calling and search can be used to solve complex tasks and flexibly build AI agent applications. Due to the remarkable improvement of the new model, it is expected that "Consultation SenseChat" will be upgraded to version 3.0 in September.

In addition to the big language model, Shang Tang is also committed to training the world’s top three models of Wensheng Map. As early as January, Shang Tang’s second painting 1.0 started the internal test, and a second-dimensional picture can be generated by inputting prompts; In April, the second painting was upgraded to 2.0 and officially released; In July, version 3.0 of Seconds Painting adopted a brand-new generation model architecture, which can realize professional photography-level picture detail description, and its core algorithm surpassed Google’s Imagen and OpenAI’s DALL·E2 on COCObenchmark.

With the iteration of Shang Tang’s second painting from 1.0 to 3.0, its model parameters increased from the initial 800 million to 7 billion. Version 4.0 is expected to be launched in the third quarter of 2023, and new aesthetic system support will be introduced.

The iteration speed of Shang Tang AI model is extraordinary, which is due to the support of the computing infrastructure behind it. Since 2023, in order to maintain its core competitiveness, Shang Tang has continuously upgraded SenseCore, an intelligent computing infrastructure. The number of online GPUs has increased from 27,000 at the end of March 2023 to about 30,000 recently, and the computing power scale has increased by 20% to 6ExaFLOPS.

Since 2023, more than 1,000 large models with parameters ranging from billions to hundreds of billions have been trained on Shang Tang AI equipment, which has achieved technological iteration leading the industry and supported dozens of generative AI applications.

It should be said that the maturity of any AI technology is by no means achieved overnight. Behind Shang Tang’s big model is the "miracle" of deep learning algorithm, computing power improvement and data accumulation, and deep cultivation for several years.

According to the AI Big Model Market Research Report (2023) published by Jost Sullivan, Shang Tang ranks first in China in terms of comprehensive competitiveness in product technology, strategic vision and ecological opening-up construction.

Release the commercial potential of big model and accelerate the optimization of business structure

When people talk about the big AI model, most of the time they are feeling the impact and subversion it brings to all walks of life, but few people think that the commercial landing of the big model will come so quickly.

The industry has been growing crazily for half a year, and it has completed the transformation from "Hundred Models Battle" when running into the market to thinking about putting technology into practice. Industry analysts believe that with the rise of basic model and tool layer, the cost and difficulty of building applications will be greatly reduced. For application developers, all downstream applications are worth reconstructing.

The observation of AI trend in the era of big model points out that vertical domain application is the main battlefield of big model. With the rapid development of generative AI technology, it has spawned brand-new commercial value in many fields. Although these models are in the early stage of expansion, they also show excellent capabilities. Like other disruptive technologies, this change will develop slowly at first, and then accelerate rapidly.

A ready-made case is that in Shang Tang’s interim report, this change is gradually emerging.

In the first half of 2023, Shang Tang’s revenue related to generative AI recorded a year-on-year growth of 670.4%, and its contribution to the Group’s business increased rapidly from 10.4% in 2022 to 20.3%.Large-scale model has become an important driving force to upgrade the business of Shang Tang.

It is understood that Shang Tang released a series of generative AI products in April, which is one of the earliest enterprises in China to release related products, including Consultation, Secondhand Painting, Ruying, Qiongyu and Gewu, respectively corresponding to the five mainstream generative AI application landing scenarios: natural language interaction, AI Wen Sheng Tu, digital people, 3D big scene reconstruction and 3D small object generation.

The landing and maturity of AI big model not only accelerates the transformation and optimization of Shang Tang’s own business structure, but also shows the potential of more business application scenarios.

Reflected in the business level, at present, Shang Tang’s main businesses are divided into four major sectors, namely, smart business, smart life, smart cars and smart cities. During the reporting period, Shang Tang actively promoted the commercial application of AI technology and helped customers to quickly iterate new products based on large models, with remarkable results.

Among them,Driven by the big AI model, the revenue of the smart business sector increased by 50.2% year-on-year to 854 million yuan, the revenue proportion increased by 19.4 percentage points to 59.6%, the number of service customers reached 481, and the revenue of single customers increased by 59.9%.For example, in cooperation with domestic head insurance companies, Shang Tang provided cross-validation of crop underwriting data based on AI remote sensing model, which helped to improve the risk assessment and claims service system. Compared with the traditional manual identification scheme, the efficiency was improved by 60 times.

The tentacles of the smart life business extend to the C-end. In cooperation with customers in different fields such as e-commerce, traditional media and community platforms, Shang Tang’s AI products such as consultation, second painting, shadow and grid objects all come in handy. From digital life to high-precision 3D object modeling ability, Shang Tang’s technical strength can be intuitively presented to C-end users. During the reporting period, the revenue of this business increased by 6.7% year-on-year to 312 million yuan, the proportion of revenue increased to 21.8%, and the number of customers increased by 47.5% year-on-year.

Besides,The revenues of smart cities and smart cars are 184 million yuan and 84 million yuan respectively.Among them, the mass production business of Jueying achieved a year-on-year growth of 573%, and the number of mass production deliveries reached 390,000 vehicles, driving the gross profit of bicycles to increase by 29%. In terms of intelligent experience, Shang Tang built an intelligent assistant in the cabin based on "Consultation" and launched a number of interactive products in Chinese in the cabin. In the first half of the year, the number of smart car customers of the company increased by 70% year-on-year to 34. With the continuous transformation of its cutting-edge technology, the business income is expected to show a rapid growth trend.

Guolian Securities Research Report believes that the AI big model opens the second growth curve in Shang Tang, Shang Tang is in the leading position in R&D investment and business scale, and it is also the first manufacturer in China to lay out the AI big model. The company has accumulated rich technology and application experience in the AI field, which is expected to take the lead in the AI 2.0 era and promote the further growth of the company’s performance.

It is worth mentioning that,Previously, Shang Tang United many countries.bestThe model InternLM-7B, with a parameter of 7 billion, released by scientific research institutions, has opened some of its training data, training codes and basic model weights to academia and industry for free, and supports commercialization.

On August 31st, Shang Tang expanded its opening authority again, and announced that the large-scale model application "Consultation SenseChat" will be fully opened to users from now on, which is one of the first domestic large-scale models successfully filed and approved to go online.

Baidu uses technology to make the complex world simpler.

  In the past few years, various problems based on AI (artificial intelligence) have been one of the hottest topics in the field of science and technology. How to make this cutting-edge scientific and technological force simpler and acceptable to the people has become a real problem at present. In response to this problem, Baidu gave its own plan.

  A few days ago, after reaching a strategic cooperation with China Science and Technology Museum, Baidu’s "Voyager" AI Popular Science Bus has started from Beijing, and has been launched in local science and technology museums in five cities across the country. On August 4, 2017, Baidu and science and technology hall held the launching ceremony of "Artificial Intelligence Popular Science China Tour" in Beijing, which marked the first stage of the strategic framework cooperation agreement reached between them based on artificial intelligence popular science. This trip of artificial intelligence science popularization in China has been carried out in local science and technology museums in five cities in China. The "Voyager" AI science popularization bus will spread the knowledge of artificial intelligence to all parts of the country, which also shows that Baidu’s artificial intelligence technology not only changes industries, but also cares about people’s lives. Bring updated artificial intelligence knowledge to further places. Prior to this, Baidu also successfully realized the "restoration" of the damaged Terracotta Warriors and Horses and the intelligent display of related cultural relics through artificial intelligence technology. In addition, Baidu is also committed to using the new AR (Augmented Reality) technology to restore and reproduce the folk life of old Beijing, and use technology to awaken history, so that experiencers can fully experience history and culture and become a part of history.

  Make the complex world simpler.

  In fact, it is Baidu’s mission to make the complex world simpler with technology. In the past few years, Baidu has been committed to technological innovation and the development of artificial intelligence. The reason why Baidu can achieve today’s achievements is closely related to the country’s concern and support for the field of scientific and technological innovation.

  In order to realize the mission of "making the complex world simpler with technology", Baidu will adhere to two core strategies: consolidating the mobile foundation and winning the AI ? ? era. In short, AI is the core driving force of Baidu.

  It is reported that Baidu AI platform is the foundation of developing application layer, which is composed of Baidu Brain and Baidu AI Cloud. Baidu brain is the first complete artificial intelligence platform in the industry, including algorithm layer, perception layer, cognition layer and platform layer. Baidu’s algorithm layer includes machine learning platform and deep learning platform; Perception layer includes speech recognition, image recognition, AR, VR (virtual reality) and other capabilities; The cognitive level includes NLP (natural language processing), knowledge map and user portrait; The platform layer is an AI open platform, which opens different capabilities to the outside world. Intelligent cloud is the foundation of Baidu AI platform, which is composed of AI+ big data+cloud.

  At present, Baidu’s AI technology capability is accelerating at a solid pace. For developers and eco-partners, Baidu announced a number of important plans, including the Apollo plan for intelligent driving and the two open platforms for intelligent voice DuerOS, to fully launch Baidu’s important AI eco-strategies, technologies, business progress and solutions.

  Up to now, in the field of artificial intelligence, Baidu has opened more than 60 AI core technologies, forming four major AI commercialization scenarios: airport, sales customer service, home and automobile. At the industrial chain level, only in the field of intelligent driving, more than 50 upstream and downstream manufacturers of the first-tier automobile industry at home and abroad have announced their participation in Baidu AI circle of friends in the three months since the announcement of the "Apollo Plan".

  Baidu takes artificial intelligence as the driving force to continuously improve its existing core businesses, especially mobile phone Baidu, search, information flow and other core products. At the same time, in order to explore long-term market opportunities, Baidu will continue to expand emerging AI-driven businesses through open platforms and ecosystems.

  Awakening history and culture with science and technology

  Awakening history and culture with technology is one of the important practices undertaken by Baidu, the global artificial intelligence giant, in the field of AI, and it is also one of the most intuitive channels for the public to experience the power of AI at present.

  On August 4th, 2017, Baidu and science and technology hall held the launching ceremony of "Artificial Intelligence Science Popularization in China" in Beijing, which marked the first stage of the strategic framework cooperation agreement reached between them based on artificial intelligence science popularization. This trip of artificial intelligence science popularization in China has been carried out in local science and technology museums in five cities in China. The "Voyager" AI science popularization bus will spread the knowledge of artificial intelligence to all parts of the country, which also shows that Baidu’s artificial intelligence technology not only changes industries, but also cares about people’s lives.

  On May 18th this year, Baidu announced that it had realized the "restoration" of the damaged Terracotta Warriors and Horses and the intelligent display of related cultural relics through artificial intelligence technology. According to reports, the "restoration" plan uses AR technology to "restore" the Terracotta Warriors and Horses No.2 pit, kneeling figurines and bronze chariots and horses. Visitors can see the "alive" Terracotta Warriors and other cultural relics with their own eyes by scanning the three triggers of "plane layout", "light box of kneeling figurines" and "structure diagram of bronze chariots and horses" in the No.2 pit of Terracotta Warriors and Horses through Baidu AR function of mobile phone.

  At the same time, the Digital Museum of Terracotta Warriors and Horses built by Baidu Encyclopedia was officially launched, presenting the Terracotta Warriors and Horses to the audience for the first time with the "ultra-high-definition level" of 20 billion pixels, becoming the first historical landscape in eight wonders of the world to be exhibited online with 10 billion pixels.

  At the beginning of this year, following the restoration of Chaoyangmen by Baidu AR technology, Baidu began to comprehensively upgrade AR technology and completely restore the nine gates of old Beijing as cultural cities. It is reported that Baidu’s activity of restoring the nine gates of old Beijing through AR technology was held during the Spring Festival, so it has attracted the attention of many citizens and friends. During the event, passengers can see all kinds of life scenes of the old people in the old Beijing city after triggering AR through the mobile phone Baidu App, and at the same time, they can also interact with the restored "Old Nine Gates", which is very exciting.

  Compared with some applications with a strong commercial atmosphere, Baidu’s attempt to awaken history and culture with technology and let the experiencers fully experience history and traditional culture with new AR technology can really make more and more people pay attention to and even participate in the inheritance and protection of history and culture. This also shows that Baidu’s artificial intelligence technology is not only about changing industries, but also about people’s lives themselves. Text/Liu Yang

Ten-year-old marathon runners need to be careful when they run "horses" because of cardiac arrest!

  "Stand up straight and stride." Under the guidance of medical staff, Xiao Chen, a running friend, is conducting exercise treadmill experiments in Beijing Hejia Hospital. In the Beijing Half Marathon in April this year, Xiao Chen had a cardiac arrest. Fortunately, he was discovered by the volunteers of Hejia AED, and was successfully rescued through cardiopulmonary resuscitation and AED (External Automatic Defibrillation Transporter) electric defibrillation. After months of recovery, doctors need to re-evaluate his heart function.

  The start of the 2019 Beijing Marathon is just around the corner, and even senior runners may "stumble" and face the great risk of sudden cardiac death.

  Cardiology experts remind that six types of patients, such as those who have a history of myocardial infarction, those who have been diagnosed with heart diseases and have undergone surgery, and those who have a history of unexplained syncope, are generally not suitable for marathon. If you want your heart to be safe in high-intensity events, you need scientific cognition and pre-competition heart evaluation.

  Senior runner’s cardiac arrest AED successfully rescued

  "I was more excited when I finally sprinted. I shouted and rushed over. After a few steps, my feet were soft and I suddenly lost consciousness." Xiao Chen, a runner who suffered an accident in this year’s semi-Marseille in Beijing, said that he has ten years of long-distance running experience and participated in eight or nine marathons, which is a senior runner. I didn’t expect that this time he became the object of "first aid".

  At that time, it was Yuan Tong, an emergency nurse in Beijing Hejia Hospital, one of the medical security units of Beijing Half Horse Race, who was present to defibrillate Chen Jinxing AED. She said that the timely discovery of the support staff and the skilled use of AED pulled Xiao Chen back from the death line, otherwise once the cardiac arrest was not treated for 4 to 6 minutes, the brain would be irreversibly damaged, and even if the heartbeat was restored, it might become a vegetative state.

  Wang Dezhao, chief physician of the Department of Cardiology, Beijing Hejia Hospital, said that cardiovascular system accidents that often lead to cardiac arrest and sudden death in marathons are usually sudden acute myocardial infarction or malignant arrhythmia. Although the probability of occurrence is low, once it appears, it is the most dangerous. It is the most effective way to rescue patients with cardiac arrest and sudden death by using artificial chest compressions and AED defibrillation in the early stage. Beijing United Family Hospital is the official and exclusive designated medical service provider for Beijing Marathon. All AED volunteers have passed the cardiopulmonary resuscitation training organized by the American Heart Association (AHA) and obtained the certificates of Basic Life Support (BLS) and Advanced Life Support (ACLS), so they have the ability to find and rescue runners with cardiac arrest in the first time.

  Six groups of people should have a heart evaluation before the game.

  How to run a horse safely? Wang Dezhao said that runners must first have a clear understanding of their physical condition, and the following groups of people are not suitable for participating in such high-risk events.

  First, patients who had a history of myocardial infarction in the past, especially 6 months after myocardial infarction; Followed by patients who have been diagnosed with angina pectoris, or have undergone coronary stenting, coronary artery bypass grafting and installed pacemakers; Third, it is a patient who has a history of unexplained syncope or has done electrical cardioversion; The fourth is patients with severe arrhythmia or taking antiarrhythmic drugs; In addition, patients with a history of congenital heart disease, cardiomyopathy or cardiovascular malformation, and patients with special ECG manifestations, such as Brugada syndrome, long QT syndrome and preexcitation syndrome (all three groups have special ECG manifestations), are not suitable for high-risk events similar to marathon.

  In addition to people who are not suitable for horse racing, there are six groups of people who can participate in the marathon, but they need to be evaluated before the race. The first category is people with risk factors of coronary heart disease, including smoking, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, family history of premature coronary heart disease (male < 55 years old, female < 65 years old), heavy drinking, sedentary, obesity, staying up late and working under great pressure; The second category is people with family history of sudden cardiac death; The third category is people who have had severe diarrhea or used diuretics recently, and it is very likely that there are abnormal levels of potassium, magnesium and calcium ions; The fourth category is people who have arrhythmia without drug treatment, including sinus arrhythmia, various premature beats, sinus bradycardia, etc. The fifth category is people who have had discomfort in the area below the jaw and above the umbilicus related to activities, or have palpitations and shortness of breath; The sixth category is people who are anxious, hypochondriac and have had a history of panic attacks. Most of these people do not have the typical symptoms of organic heart disease, but they belong to high-risk groups. If there is no heart assessment, there may be unexpected situations in extreme sports such as marathon.

  Three types of heart assessment help runners stay away from accidents

  Wang Dezhao introduced that marathon is an extreme sport with certain potential risks. However, as long as the heart function is scientifically evaluated before the game and the physical condition is known in advance, accidents such as cardiac arrest can be avoided to the maximum extent.

  "If the heart is compared to a house, then it has three systems, including waterway system, circuit system and structural system." According to Wang Dezhao, heart evaluation is also divided into three categories according to three systems: the first category is the evaluation of the "waterway system" of the heart, and the "waterway system" refers to the blood vessels of the heart itself &mdash; &mdash; Coronary artery. If the runner has chest tightness, shortness of breath, chest pain, pressure, burning pain, pain in the left upper limb or left shoulder and back, which suggests that angina pectoris is possible, it should be evaluated by exercise treadmill test to observe whether the runner will have myocardial ischemia when he reaches the limit heart rate, which is also a simple and effective means to screen coronary heart disease. If the exercise treadmill test is abnormal, further coronary CTA or coronary angiography is needed.

  The second kind of evaluation depends on the "circuit system" of the heart, that is, the evaluation of cardiac electrical activity. If the runner has palpitation, irregular heartbeat, too slow or too fast heartbeat, it suggests that the cardiac electrical activity is abnormal, and it is necessary to do ECG monitoring for 24 hours, 7 days, 1 month or even longer. By monitoring the ECG changes at the onset of symptoms, the disease can be diagnosed and whether it is suitable for the competition can be evaluated.

  The third category is the evaluation of heart structure. If the runner has heart murmur, myocarditis, cardiomyopathy, congenital heart disease, etc., it is necessary to evaluate the morphological structure of the heart by heart color Doppler ultrasound. If you have serious structural heart disease, especially hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy or aortic stenosis, you are not suitable for marathon.

  How to predict and save yourself when you suddenly feel unwell in the game? Wang Dezhao said that first of all, runners should stop exercising, rest in a comfortable and relaxed posture, and seek help from medical staff; If the heartbeat suddenly accelerates, fast and even, it may be supraventricular tachycardia. You can hold your breath and cough hard, which may stop the tachycardia. If the pain in the chest or other suspicious parts (back, upper limbs, pharynx, etc.) persists, the attack of acute myocardial infarction cannot be ruled out. It is best to lie on your back, relax as much as possible, take a deep breath slowly and wait for rescue. (Reporter Chen Si)