The first computer in new China: from scratch, it ranks among the top in the world.

  China news agency, Beijing, September 6 (Chen Ying) As the world’s largest computer manufacturing base, China’s computer industry has now ranked first in the world.

  According to the data released by the "2019 World Computer Conference" held in July this year, in 2018, China’s computer industry achieved a main business income of 1.95 trillion yuan, an increase of 8.7% year-on-year; The output of microcomputers is 310 million, and the annual output of servers reaches 2.952 million.

  It is hard for people today to imagine that China’s first electronic computer — — 103 computers, covering an area of 40 square meters, with an operation speed of only 30 times per second.

  In January 1953, Hua Luogeng was ordered to set up the first computer research group in China in the newly established Institute of Mathematics of China Academy of Sciences, with Professor Min Dake of Tsinghua University Electrical Engineering Department as the team leader. The goal of this group was to develop China’s own computer.

  In April 1956, when Premier Zhou Enlai personally led the formulation of a 12-year long-term outline of scientific and technological development, Hua Luogeng was appointed as the head of the computing technology planning group, responsible for drafting the blueprint for the development of computer industry in China. As a result of the implementation of the plan, the Institute of Computing Technology of Chinese Academy of Sciences was born.

  In 1956, the Preparatory Committee of Institute of Computing Technology of Chinese Academy of Sciences was established in China, and the design of the first small computer 103 in China was completed. It took 8 months for the State-owned 738 Factory to manufacture this computer.

  In the field of computers, everything is "big" at the beginning. The first computer in New China covers an area of 40 square meters with only a few large cabinets in the mainframe, and there are nearly 4,000 semiconductor germanium diodes and 800 electron tubes in the body.

  On August 1st, 1958, Computer 103 completed the operation of four instructions, which marked the official birth of the first universal digital electronic computer made by China people.

  The 103 computer adopts magnetic core and drum memory, the memory is only 1KB, and the operation speed is 30 times per second. Only one year later, the 104 computer came out successfully, and the computing speed increased to 10 thousand times per second. From 30 times to 10 thousand times, it only took more than a year.

  Since the founding of New China 70 years ago, China’s computer R&D and manufacturing have not only developed from scratch, but also reached the forefront of the world.

  Supercomputer is a kind of computer with the strongest function, the fastest operation speed and the largest storage capacity. It is mostly used in national high-tech fields and cutting-edge technology research, and is one of the important indicators to measure the level of national scientific and technological development and comprehensive national strength.

  The first billionth supercomputer in China was "Yinhe -I" developed by the Computer Research Institute of National University of Defense Technology. Its operation speed is more than 100 million times per second.


  资料图:超级计算机“天河二号”。 刘曼 摄